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Flavonoids stimulate cholecystokinin peptide secretion from the enteroendocrine STC-1 cells. Los flavonoides estimulan la secreción del péptido de la colecistoquinina de las células STC-1 enteroendocrinas

Animal experiments showed that flavonoids might have the potential for an anti-obesity effect by reducing weight and food intake. However, the exact mechanisms that could be involved in these proposed effects are still under investigation. ...Leer mas

Carotenemia and hepatomegaly in an atopic child on an exclusion diet for a food allergy. Carotenemia y hepatomegalia en un niño atópico en una dieta de exclusión para una alergia alimentaria

Eczema is a frequent childhood manifestation and a few atopic children are allergic to certain foods or aeroallergens. Anxious parents of atopic children often have a fear of topical steroid‐related side‐effects, and some may try a range of elimination diets to avoid allergies. ...Leer mas

2015 Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension. 2015 Pautas para la Gestión de la hipertensión.

Secondary hypertension is present in 5–10% of all hypertensive patients. Appropriate investigations followed by therapy directed at the cause of secondary hypertension may lead to elimination of the underlying cause, resulting in improved control or normalization of BP values with cardiovascular risk reduction. ...Leer mas

Hyperuricemia in Tendons. Hiperuricemia en tendones

Hyperuricemia, particularly gout, and the immune inflammatory response are highly integrated. Both, long standing hyperuricemia and monosodium urate (MSU) crystal deposition can challenge tendon homeostasis because of their potential to cause inflammation to the host. ...Leer mas

The association of sleep with metabolic pathways and metabolites: evidence from the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)—sodium feeding study. La asociación del sueño con las vías metabólicas y los metabolitos: evidencia de los Enfoques Dietéticos para Detener la Hipertensión (DASH): estudio de alimentación con sodio

In October, 2015, 22 scientists from ten countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France, to evaluate the carcinogenicity of the consumption of red meat and processed meat. These assessments will be published in volume 114 of the IARC Monographs. ...Leer mas

Carcinogenicity of consumption of red and processed meat. Carcinogenicidad del consumo de carnes rojas y procesadas.

The Lancet Oncology’s Commission on future cancer research priorities in the USA provides key priorities for research and investment to deliver improvements in cancer control. Each priority area with specific measures and metrics, set out a roadmap to accelerate cancer research to achieve 10 years of progress in 5 years. ...Leer mas

Leaky Gut As a Danger Signal for Autoimmune Diseases. Leaky Gut como señal de peligro para enfermedades autoinmunes

The intestinal epithelial lining, together with factors secreted from it, forms a barrier that separates the host from the environment. In pathologic conditions, the permeability of the epithelial lining may be compromised allowing the passage of toxins, antigens, and bacteria in the lumen to enter the blood stream creating a “leaky gut. ...Leer mas

Adherence to DASH-Style Dietary Pattern Impacts on Adiponectin and Clustered Metabolic Risk in Older Women. Adherencia a los impactos del patrón dietético estilo DASH en adiponectina y riesgo metabólico agrupado en mujeres mayores

While dietary patterns are related to the age-related progression of chronic diseases, to what extent different dietary patterns influence inflammatory and metabolic risk factors in older adults remains to be elucidated. ...Leer mas

Constipation and Incident CKD. Estreñimiento e incidente CKD

Constipation is one of the most prevalent conditions in primary care settings and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, potentially through processes mediated by altered gut microbiota. However, little is known about the association of constipation with CKD. ...Leer mas

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease. La microbiota humana en salud y enfermedad

Trillions of microbes have evolved with and continue to live on and within human beings. A variety of environmental factors can affect intestinal microbial imbalance, which has a close relationship with human health and disease. ...Leer mas

A concise review of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and the importance of iodine, selenium, vitamin D and gluten on the autoimmunity and dietary management of HT patients.Points that need more investigation. Una revisión concisa de la tiroiditis de Hashimoto (HT) y La importancia del yodo, selenio, vitamina D y El gluten en la autoinmunidad y la gestión dietética. de pacientes con HTA. Puntos que necesitan más investigación.

Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a chronic autoimmune thyroid disease caused by an interaction between genetic factors and environmental conditions, both of which are yet to be fully understood. The management of HT depends on its clinical manifestations, commonly including di􀀻use or nodular goiter with euthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism and permanent hypothyroidism. However, in most cases of patients with HT, lifelong levothyroxine substitution is required. The additional role of diet for the management of HT is usually overlooked. ...Leer mas

The Role of Iodine and Selenium in Autoimmune Thyroiditis. El papel del yodo y el selenio en la tiroiditis autoinmune.

Chronic high iodine intake has been associated in various studies with increased frequency of autoimmune thyroiditis. In susceptible individuals, iodine excess increases intra-thyroid infiltrating Th17 cells and inhibits T regulatory (TREG) cells development, while it triggers an abnormal expression of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in thyrocytes, thus inducing apoptosis and parenchymal destruction ...Leer mas