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Herbal Medicine for Women's Health. Medicina herbaria para la salud de las mujeres

The treatments used by most doctors are considered conventional medicine. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) consists of a group of health care practices and products that are considered out of the mainstream. An “out-of-the-mainstream” treatment is considered complementary if you use it along with conventional medicine. Research shows that 40 percent of women in the United States use some form of CAM. People try CAM for a variety of reasons, including: conventional medicine has not helped solve their medical problem. They believe that products derived from nature are healthier and safer than prescription drugs, even though they may not be. They like the holistic approach taken by CAM therapists. A holistic approach involves paying attention to all of a client’s needs to help her regain and maintain her health. These include not just physical but also emotional, social, and spiritual needs. In this review we summarize some indications of herbal medicine in women's health. ...Leer mas

Menstrual Disorders: Causes and Natural Remedies. Trastornos menstruales: causas y remedios naturales

Menstruation often bring about a wide variety of uncomfortable symptoms Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) encompasses the most common issues, such as mild cramping and fatigue, but the symptoms usually go away when your period begins. However, other, more serious menstrual problems may also arise. Menstruation that is too heavy or light, or a complete absence of a cycle, all signal issues that can contribute to an abnormal menstrual cycle. Allopathic drugs have shown many significant effect for the treatment of menstrual problem . Hence focus has been turned towards home remedies. Medicinal plants play an important role in management of menstrual disorder like as dysmenorrhea or Amenorrhea. The present review gives detailed information about various medicinal plants and some home remedies used in the treatment of the disease. ...Leer mas

Dieta para eliminar miomas: Alimentos que ayudan y otros que no

Mucho antes de la existencia de medicamentos, la comida era uno de los principales métodos de curación y miles de años atrás, fué Hipócrates quien declaró "que la comida sea tu medicina y la medicina sea tu alimento". Este enfoque, finalmente está cerrando su círculo a medida que más investigaciones emergen en el campo de la nutrición. ...Leer mas

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Una poderosa herramienta en la medicina preventiva del cáncer: los antioxidantes

El cáncer es un conjunto de enfermedades que se caracteriza por la proliferación anormal de células que se dividen sin control y poseen alta capacidad para invadir órganos y tejidos, y diseminarse por el sistema sanguíneo y linfático. El cáncer constituye una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en todo el mundo. Esta alarmante situación enfatiza la necesidad de medidas de prevención urgentes para ganar la batalla contra el cáncer; estas estrategias deben basarse en una mejor evidencia, basada en el conocimiento de los factores capaces de aumentar o disminuir el riesgo de esta enfermedad. El estrés oxidante es una condición que se manifiesta en el organismo cuando la producción de sustancias altamente reactivas supera los mecanismos antioxidantes; esta situación es responsable de la aparición de enfermedades. Se ha descubierto que el consumo de alimentos con betacaroteno protege contra los daños producidos por los rayos X; además, que el consumo de alimentos con vitamina C y betacarotenos disminuye el riesgo de desarrollar algunos tipos de cánceres. Las evidencias de participación del estrés oxidativo en la carcinogénesis y su desactivación por los antioxidantes han impulsado estudios bajo la hipótesis de que diferentes antioxidantes pueden ser administrados como suplementos para la prevención de diversos tipos de cáncer. Dentro de los antioxidantes evaluados se encuentran las vitaminas antioxidantes A, E y C, la coenzima Q10, los flavonoides, carotenos y carotenoides. ...Leer mas

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Vagus Nerve as Modulator of the Brain–Gut Axis in Psychiatric and Inflammatory Disorders.

The vagus nerve represents the main component of the parasympathetic nervous system, which oversees a vast array of crucial bodily functions, including control of mood, immune response, digestion, and heart rate. It establishes one of the connections between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract and sends information about the state of the inner organs to the brain via afferent fibers. In this review article, we discuss various functions of the vagus nerve which make it an attractive target in treating psychiatric and gastrointestinal disorders. There is preliminary evidence that vagus nerve stimulation is a promising add-on treatment for treatment-refractory depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and inflammatory bowel disease. Treatments that target the vagus nerve increase the vagal tone and inhibit cytokine production. Both are important mechanism of resiliency. The stimulation of vagal afferent fibers in the gut influences monoaminergic brain systems in the brain stem that play crucial roles in major psychiatric conditions, such as mood and anxiety disorders. In line, there is preliminary evidence for gut bacteria to have beneficial effect on mood and anxiety, partly by affecting the activity of the vagus nerve. Since, the vagal tone is correlated with capacity to regulate stress responses and can be influenced by breathing, its increase through meditation and yoga likely contribute to resilience and the mitigation of mood and anxiety symptoms. ...Leer mas

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Nutrition, dietary interventions and prostate cancer: the latest evidence. Nutrición, intervenciones dietéticas y cáncer de próstata: la última evidencia

Prostate cancer (PCa) remains a leading cause of mortality in US men and the prevalence continues to rise world-wide especially in countries where men consume a ‘Western-style’ diet. Epidemiologic, preclinical and clinical studies suggest a potential role for dietary intake on the incidence and progression of PCa. 'This minireview provides an overview of recent published literature with regard to nutrients, dietary factors, dietary patterns and PCa incidence and progression. Low carbohydrates intake, soy protein, omega-3 (w-3) fat, green teas, tomatoes and tomato products and zyflamend showed promise in reducing PCa risk or progression. A higher saturated fat intake and a higher β-carotene status may increase risk. A ‘U’ shape relationship may exist between folate, vitamin C, vitamin D and calcium with PCa risk. Despite the inconsistent and inconclusive findings, the potential for a role of dietary intake for the prevention and treatment of PCa is promising. The combination of all the beneficial factors for PCa risk reduction in a healthy dietary pattern may be the best dietary advice. This pattern includes rich fruits and vegetables, reduced refined carbohydrates, total and saturated fats, and reduced cooked meats. Further carefully designed prospective trials are warranted. ...Leer mas

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Metabolic Syndrome and Non‐Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Is Metaflammation the Link?. Hiperplasia prostática benigna, síndrome metabólico y enfermedad hepática no alcohólica: ¿es la metaflamación el vínculo?

The prevalence of prostatic inflammation (PI) is very frequent in patients affected by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). To investigate the relationship between prostatic inflammation (PI) and the presence of MetS and non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a cohort of patients affected by BPH/LUTS. ...Leer mas

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A Case-control Study to Evaluate the Prevalence of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Patients with Moderate-to-severe Psoriasis. Un estudio de casos y controles para evaluar la prevalencia de la enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico en pacientes con psoriasis moderada a severa

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of elevated liver enzymes and is predicted to be the leading cause of liver transplantation by 2020.1,2 The prevalence of NAFLD in the United States is estimated to range from 10 to 35 percent.3 The condition is characterized by the presence of hepatic pathology resembling alcoholic fatty liver disease in individuals who do not consume excessive amounts of alcohol.4 A wide spectrum of hepatic lesions is encompassed within the term NAFLD, ranging from simple fatty liver to steatohepatitis with necroinflammatory changes and variable degrees of fibrosis, which could progress to liver cirrhosis and even hepatocellular carcinoma.2,4 ...Leer mas

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Monosynaptic convergence of somatic and visceral C-fiber afferents on projection and local circuit neurons in lamina I: a substrate for referred pain. Convergencia monosináptica de aferencias somáticas y viscerales de fibra C en la proyección y neuronas de circuito local en la lámina I: un sustrato para el dolor referido

El dolor referido, fenómeno de sentir el dolor en un sitio que no sea el de origen del estímulo doloroso, surge por la mezcla de las vías de procesamiento nociceptivas para las entradas viscerales y somáticas. En el estudio se ha observado que lámina I de la médula espinal es el primer sitio en el sistema nervioso central donde las vías somáticas y viscerales convergen directamente en la proyección individual y en las neuronas del circuito local. ...Leer mas

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Histamine, histamine intoxication and intolerance. Histamina, intoxicación e intolerancia a la histamina

En condiciones normales hay una barrera enzimática por DAO y HNMT en células del epitelio intestinal de gente sana que protegen de la reabsorción de histamina (no dejan q la histamina de la comida pase a la sangre). Si hay pocas enzimas de éstas o están inhibidas podrá darse el HIT por aumento de los niveles de histamina. La actividad insuficiente de la DAO puede ocurrir por: predisposición genética (Aunque haya alteración en el gen de DAO, no es suficiente para generar HIT, necesita factores ambientales), enfermedades del tracto GI (enterocitos dañados que producen menos DAO: infecc, parásitos, EII…), inhibición de DAO por otras aminas (alcohol o medicación). Se puede encontrar una actividad DAO reducida en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica, hepatitis viral, cirrosis hepática avanzada, y urticaria crónica. ...Leer mas

Myoma Risk Factors (A Review).Factores de riesgo del mioma (revisión)

Diagnosticados en mujeres de 40 pricipalmente. Los daños celulares o inflamaciones creadas como resultado de de infección o hipoxia se consideran como los mecanismos para el inicio de la formación del mioma. Más Riesgo si: menarquia antes 10 años, obesidad (+conversión de andrógenos adrenales a estrógenos), consumo de carne de vaca, cerdo y otras carnes rojas. Menos Riesgo si menarquia despues 16 años, menopausia (bajan niveles estrógenos), consumo verduras, deportistas, relaciones sexuales, fumadoras (inhibición aromatasa x nicotina) ...Leer mas

Modulation of Metabolic Detoxification Pathways Using Foods and Food-Derived Components: A Scientific Review with Clinical Application. Modulación de desintoxicación metabólica Vías que usan alimentos y componentes derivados de los alimentos: Una revisión científica con aplicación clínica

Alimentos específicos pueden regular al alza o equilibrar favorablemente las vías metabólicas para ayudar con la biotransformación de la toxina y posterior eliminación. Varios alimentos como vegetales crucíferos, bayas, soja, ajo e incluso especias como la cúrcuma han sido sugeridos como beneficiosos.Hay evidencia clínica del efectos de crucíferas(en combinación, y específicamente berro de jardín y brócoli), verduras de allium (cebollas, ajos, puerros y cebolletas), verduras apiáceas (perejil, hinojo, eneldo, cilantro, comino, alcaravea, anís, zanahorias, nabos, apio) pomelo, resveratrol, aceite de pescado, quercetina, daidzein, y licopeno. ...Leer mas

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity: All wheat attack is not celiac. Sensibilidad al gluten no celíaca: todo ataque de trigo no es celíaco

Currently, 1% of the United States population holds a diagnosis for celiac disease (CD), however, a more recently recognized and possibly related condition, “non-celiac gluten sensitivity” (NCGS) has been suggested to affect up to 6% of the United States public. While reliable clinical tests for CD exist, diagnosing individuals affected by NCGS is still complicated by the lack of reliable biomarkers and reliance upon a broad set of intestinal and extra intestinal symptoms possibly provoked by gluten. NCGS has been proposed to exhibit an innate immune response activated by gluten and several other wheat proteins. At present, an enormous food industry has developed to supply gluten-free products (GFP) with GFP sales in 2014 approaching $1 billion, with estimations projecting sales to reach $2 billion in the year 2020. The enormous demand for GFP also reflects a popular misconception among consumers that gluten avoidance is part of a healthy lifestyle choice. Features of NCGS and other gluten related disorders (e.g. , irritable bowel syndrome) call for a review of current distinctive diagnostic criteria that distinguish each, and identification of biomarkers selective or specific for NCGS. The aim of this paper is to review our current understanding of NCGS, highlighting the remaining challenges and questions which may improve its diagnosis and treatment. ...Leer mas

The influence of diet on anti-cancer immune responsiveness. La influencia de la dieta en la respuesta inmune contra el cáncer

Immunotherapy has matured into standard treatment for several cancers, but much remains to be done to extend the reach of its effectiveness particularly to cancers that are resistant within each indication. This review proposes that nutrition can affect and potentially enhance the immune response against cancer. The general mechanisms that link nutritional principles to immune function and may influence the effectiveness of anticancer immunotherapy are examined. This represents also the premise for a research project aimed at identifying the best diet for immunotherapy enhancement against tumours (D.I.E.T project). Particular attention is turned to the gut microbiota and the impact of its composition on the immune system. Also, the dietary patterns effecting immune function are discussed including the value of adhering to a healthy diets such as the Mediterranean, Veg, Japanese, or a Microbiota-regulating diet, the very low ketogenic diet, which have been demonstrated to lower the risk of developing several cancers and reduce the mortality associated with them. Finally, supplements, as omega-3 and polyphenols, are discussed as potential approaches that could benefit healthy dietary and lifestyle habits in the context of immunotherapy. ...Leer mas

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N-Acetilcisteína en neuroprotección y lesión traumática cerebral: revisión de la literatura

La lesión traumática cerebral es considerada un problema de salud pública, con altas tasas de morbi- mortalidad a nivel mundial. El conocimiento de su fisiopatología ha permitido determinar que no sólo los procesos primarios o directos generan daño neuronal, sino también los procesos secundarios caracterizados por una cascada de mecanismos moleculares que inician al momento del trauma y evolucionan posterior a este. Dentro de ellos se destaca el estrés oxidativo y el agotamiento de antioxidantes. En este contexto, el N -Acetilcisteína se ha propuesto como terapia complementaria en el tratamiento de este tipos de lesiones traumáticas cerebrales, al ser un proveedor de cisteína y éste a su vez un precursor de glutatión que participa en la protección contra el daño oxidativo causado por las especies reactivas de oxígeno ...Leer mas