Cautionary Policy on Radiofrequency Radiation
Actions by Governments, Health Authorities and Schools Worldwide
Please go to source documents by clicking on the blue underlined hyperlink.
(Please email for comments/updates as we do our best to ensure accuracy but the policy landscape is always
changing. This is a living document.)
French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) 2016 Report
recommends regulatory changes to ensure "sufficiently large safety margins" to protect the health of young children
"ALL wireless devices, including tablets, cordless phones, remote controlled toys, wireless toys, baby
monitors and surveillance bracelets, should be subjected to the same regulatory obligations as cell phones."
ANSES Article: “Radio Frequencies, Mobile Telephony and Wireless Technologies”
Press Release on Report (translate into English) Full 2016 Report (French)
2016 National Decree No. 2016-1074 on the protection of workers against the risks arising from
electromagnetic fields
It is forbidden to place workers under age 18 in posts where EMF is apt to exceed limit values
each employer has to evaluate EMF risks.
When exposure exceeding limit values is detected or when an undesirable or unexpected health effect from
exposure to EMF is reported, the worker will benefit from a medical visit.
The employer must provide information and training to his employees regarding the characteristics of EMF
emissions, the direct and indirect biophysical effects that could result from exposure to EMF, etc.
The employer must adapt as much as possible the post in order to limit exposure to EMF.
Specific precautions will be taken regarding pregnant women.
Next Inpact News Article: As early as 2017, employers will have to protect their employees against
electromagnetic waves”
Inter France News Article: Companies will have to protect employees from electromagnetic waves”
Decree No. 2016-1074
2015 National Legislation - “Law on sobriety, transparency, information and consultation for exposure to
electromagnetic waves.” Original Report
WiFi Banned in Nursery Schools: WIFI and Wireless devices will be banned in “the spaces dedicated to
home, to rest and activities of children under 3 years”.
Environmental Health Trust
WiFi on “OFF” as Default to Minimize Exposures in Schools: In elementary schools,WIFI routers
should be turned off when not in use.
Schools Will be Informed: The school board should be informed when new tech equipment is being
Cell Tower Emission Compliance Will Be Verified: A decree will define the limits of emission of
equipments for electronic communications or transmission to which the public is exposed. These values can
be verified by accredited organizations and results will be made accessible to the public through a National
Radiofrequency Agency.
Citizens Will Have Access to Environmental/Cell Tower Radiation Measurements Near homes: Every
resident may get access to the results of measurements for their living space.
Cell Antennae Maps For the Country: A description and map of the places with atypical (higher than the
limits) places will be conducted at regular intervals with follow up of the actions being taken to limit the
exposure. A map of all antennas will be produced for each town.
Continued Evaluation of Health Effects: The National Radiofrequence Agency will be in charge of
surveillance and vigilance, evaluating potential risks and setting up scientific research, including
information on health effects.
SAR Radiation Labeling Mandated: The SAR of cell phones must be clearly indicated on the package.
Information on Reducing Exposures Mandatory: Information on ways to reduce exposure will be detailed
in the contents of the cell phone package. .
WIFI Hotspots will be Labeled: Places where WIFI is provided should be clearly marked with a
Advertisements Must Recommend Devices That Reduce Radiation Exposure to the Brain: Advertising for
cell phones should clearly indicate the recommendation of hand free kits for protection of the head of the
user and it will be included in the package. Advertising for cell phone not accompanied by such a kit is
forbidden. Companies in violation will be fined 75,000 Euros.
Children Must Be Provided Protections: At the request of the buyer, equipment reducing cell phone
radiation exposures to the head for children less than 14 years should be provided.
The Public Will Be Informed: Within a year, a policy of information on awareness and information on a
responsible and reasonable use of cell phones and other apparatus emitting radiofrequencies will be set up.
Electrohyper-sensitivity Report To Be Submitted: Within a year, a report on electrohyper-sensitivity
must be given to the Parliament according to the law.
Le News Article: “A law to frame exposure to the airwaves”
French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) 2013
recommendations for limiting exposure to radio frequencies
Original opinion and report on the Update of the “Radiofrequencies and health” expert appraisal
Recommends hands free phones, SAR labeling, and “limiting the population's exposure to
radiofrequencies… especially for children and intensive users, and controlling the overall exposure that
results from relay antennas.”
ANSES news article: “ANSES issues recommendations for limiting exposure to radiofrequencies”
2010 French Law on National Commitment to the Environment Cell Phone Statute
For all mobile telephones offered for sale in the national territory, the specific absorption rate shall be
clearly indicated in French. Mention should also be made of the recommendation to use the accessory to
limit the exposure of the head to radio transmissions during communications
Environmental Health Trust
Article 183: Cell phone advertising aimed at children younger than 14 is banned. In nursery schools,
elementary schools and colleges, the use of a mobile telephone during a teaching activity and in the places
provided by the rules of procedure, by a pupil is prohibited. Cell phones made for children under 6 are
banned “to limit exposure to children”.
EWG Blog Post: “French law informs, protects cell phone users”
Law No. 2010-788, Article 184 2010 Decree No. 2010-1207 relating to the display of the specific
absorption rate of radio terminal equipment
The City of Lyon France’s Cell Phone Campaign “Poster: No Cell Phone Before 12 Years old”
Removal of Wifi From French Cities and Buildings
The Dacsupap Blog Press Release: “BNF Renounces WiFi”
The French National Library along with other libraries in Paris, and a number of universities have removed
all Wi-Fi networks.
“Removing Wifi from Schools” - Herouville-Saint-Clair has removed all Wi-Fi equipment installed in
2014: Ghent Belgium bans wi-fi from pre-schools and day care. Read the Flanders Today article:
"Ghent bans wi-fi from pre-schools and day care"
2013 Federal Public Health Regulations Bans Cell Phones and Advertising Cell Phones for Young Children
Original Legislation:“New rules for selling mobile phones: Practical guide for sellers and distributors”
Phones designed for children under 7 years old are prohibited from sale.
Total Advertising Ban on cell phones aimed at children.
Mandatory Radiation SAR levels must be available for consumers at point of sale.
Warning label on phones: “Think about your health – use your mobile phone moderately, make your calls
wearing an earpiece and choose a set with a lower SAR value.”
Recommendations include use of hands-free methods to keep the phone away from the body such as text
messaging and not making calls when the signal is weak, such as in elevator/vehicle.
Flanders Today News article: "Belgium bans sale of mobile phones designed for children"
2014 Presentation on the “Implementation of the Council Recommendations in Belgium” by the Ministry
of Public Health of Belgium.
Belgium Governments’s frequently asked questions about the new law.
Press Release by Dr. Moskowitz: “Belgium Adopts New Regulations To Promote Cell Phone Radiation
Lower RF Limits are Precautionary in accordance with advice of the Belgium Health Council.
2009 Resolution of the Belgian Parliament - "Introduction of new rules for mobile phone sales"
Belgian Health Food and Safety Brochure on Wireless Devices: This document discusses everything from
DECT home phones to baby monitors to Bluetooth to SAR.
Environmental Health Trust
“Considering that baby monitors can differ so greatly, it is advisable to carefully follow the
instruction manual, to place the baby set at a sufficient distance from the crib (at least 1 m) and to
use the ‘voice activation’ setting, among other things.”
The Belgian Foundation Against Cancer warns that intensive use of a mobile phone can increase the risk of
contracting cancer. They suggest that children younger than 12 should not use a mobile phone, and that using a
mobile phone as an alarm clock is not desirable because the phone is in close proximity to the head the entire night.
The Cancer Foundation also strongly advises people not to use a mobile phone in the car or a train. Read details in
the Mobile Phones Section 7: UK & International regulations by Alasdair and Jean Philips.
WHO International EMF Project Report on national activities in Belgium for 2010-2016
Details the research and legislation activities of Belgium
The Government of the Brussels Capital Region Has Maps of Cellular Antennae: A map of all the locations of
antennas is accessible online with the technical data of each installation.
Flanders Belgium Department of the Environment Website Section on “Radiation: transmitting antennas,
WiFi, mobile …”
Radiation is unhealthy or not?
FAQ on transmitting antennas and health
Belgian Federal Public Service: Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment Recommends Reducing
“Wireless Devices” - Document describing regulation for wireless telecommunication equipment, wireless
home telephones, baby monitors, wireless on the Internet, bluetooth, and comparison of SAR values
Specific tips for Wi-Fi installations: “In order to limit the exposure, the following simple measures can be
taken: Only switch on your wireless network connection when it is needed. This concerns the wifi adapter
in your laptop in particular. Otherwise, your laptop tries to continually connect to the network, and that
leads to unnecessary exposure and decreases the life expectancy of the batteries. Place the access point
away from places where you spend lots of time.”
Tips for prudents use - “So far, it has not been proven that the radiation from mobile phones is harmful to
their users. But on the foundation of current scientific knowledge, health risks relating to long-term,
frequent mobile phone use cannot be ruled out. Experts – including those on the Superior Health Council –
advise everyone to limit their exposure to mobile phone radiation.”
Mobile phones and children - “The use of the mobile phone by children is a special point of
attention. Children may be more sensitive to radio waves. Children absorb twice as much radiation
in the brain than adults do, and 10 times more in the bone marrow of the skull. In addition, due to
the popularity of the mobile phone, the cumulative exposure of the current generation of children
will be much higher by the time they reach their adulthood than that of the current adults.”
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: This webpage contains information about complaints, the state of
affairs of the scientific research and advice about what can be done in this situation.
Wireless on the InternetOnlyswitchonyourwirelessnetworkconnectionwhenitis
Brochure electromagnetic fields in Dutch, French and German
Environmental Health Trust
Spain: Several autonomous parliaments and numerous municipalities have adopted resolutions that urge
the application of the precautionary principle in the field of electromagnetic pollution, e.g. by eliminating/
limiting wireless networks for children, conducting health education and public awareness campaigns,
avoiding the implementation of smart meters, and claiming support measures for people affected by
central sensitization syndromes.
Institutional statements of some regional parliaments of the Autonomous Communities (Basque Country
and Navarre) adhering to Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly Resolution 1815 (PACE) of 2011 to
apply the precautionary principle in relation to EMF exposure.
More and more Spanish schools requests a cable internet connection, and the case of the School
Solokoetxe in Bilbao has been significantly discussed in the Basque Parliament itself in 2015 with
scientific advisors provided by the parents' association.
The Basque Parliament
In October 2011, the Basque Parliament in a Non-Law Motion adheres to PACE Resolution 1815 to "act
accordingly ... in favor of health protection" in the field of electromagnetic waves, in particular the
conducting of information and awareness campaigns “against the immoderate use of mobile phones
among children".
In April 2013, a Resolution of the Ombudsman of the Basque Country recommends that the Basque
Department of Education implement measures to reduce the levels of radiofrequency emission in
The Parliament of Navarra
In September 2014 the Parliament of Navarre voted to adhere to PACE Resolution 1815 The potential
dangers of electromagnetic fields and their effect on the environment
with a resolution urging the Spanish
Government and the Navarre Autonomous Community Government to implement the recommendations
to apply the precautionary principle in relation to EMF exposure. News Article: “The Parliament of Navarre
urges to remove the WIFI in schools by precaution”
Since 2012, various institutional declarations have been approved by municipalities and other
local entities requesting the implementation of the recommendations of PACE Resolution 1815:
Barakaldo, Errentería, Espartinas, Hospitalet, Jerez de la Frontera, San Sebastián, Vitoria, Villa de
Plentzia, Cornellá de Llobregat, Torrox, Mula, Villa de Buenavista del Norte, Poio, Arganda del Rey,
Cenizate, Hospitalet, Juntas generales de Guipúzcoa, Villava,
Hospitalet City Council deactivated Wi-Fi: In April 2014, the Hospitalet City Council deactivated the
Wi-Fi network of municipal nursery schools, reducing levels in these centers below the limits required by
Environmental Health Trust
PACE Resolution 1815. In December 2014, the head of the Hospitalet department of education asked
the Department of Education of the Catalonia Autonomous Community to follow the precautionary
principle to reduce EMF exposure in Catalan educational establishments.
The Vitoria-Gasteiz City Council at its plenary session in September 2015 unanimously approved a
precautionary approach with wireless: Citizens will be informed of the location of wireless transmitters
are in civic centers and municipal buildings. It is recommended that children’s spaces such as
playgrounds and family libraries, will be free of Wi-Fi or have decreased Wi-Fi and Wi-Fi free zones will
be established in playgrounds and building entrances.
El Mundo News Article: “Victoria ‘cures in health’ against the wifi”
Institutional motions regarding people affected by environmental pathologies
Since 2012, municipal institutional motions have been approved in support of people affected by central
sensitization syndromes and / or in favor of prevention and action measures in environmental
pathologies: Vitoria-Gasteiz (May 2012), Pinto (January 2014), Jaén (December 2014), Sant Cugat del
Vallès (Setember 2014), Tarragona (November 2015), Barcelona (December 2015), Vilanova i la Geltrú
(December 2015), Terrassa (January 2016), Hospitalet de Llobregat (March 2016), Vilassar de Mar
(March 2016), Montcada i Reixac (March 2016), Castellbisbal (May 2016), Badia del Vallés (April 2016),
Arenys de Munt (June 2016), Durango (February 2017).
The Tarragona City Council (Tarragona is a major city 100 kilometres south of Barcelona) at its plenary
session in November 2015 unanimously approved the “Institutional Declaration of support for people with
Central Sensitivity Syndromes”:
1. Carry out (with a yearly update) a diagnosis and census of those affected by CSS in the City of
Tarragona, showing what is the actual situation and the specific needs of these patients and their
2. An intervention protocol for the staff of the Area of Services to Citizens of the Tarragona City
Government to look after those with CSS- including a list of economic subsidies for food, first
necessity elements, reduced water bill, and home help specific to the needs of these patients.
3. Housing protocol for people with CSS, especially those who have MCS and/or EHS, those
threatened by eviction or those who are forced to leave their home. This protocol has to include a
series of safe social housing (green/white spaces: free of xenobiotics and electromagnetic
4. Create green/white spaces in all municipal buildings (free of xenobiotics and electromagnetic
5. Eliminate, as much as possible, the use of pesticides in the whole of the municipality. In the case
when this is not possible, establish a communication protocol to contact those affected and the
press regarding the places and dates of the interventions with preventive advice.
6. Training for social workers and educators about CSS, its social, health and economic reality.
Elaboration of information and education to increase the knowledge about these illnesses
amongst the general population and of the city workers in particular, with the objective of
diminishing the stigma that is now present regarding these illnesses.
Environmental Health Trust
7. Protocol for adapting working conditions of the municipal workers who have CSS with specific
measures of support when having a flare up. These would be the measures: work schedule
flexibility, encourage work from home through internet (teleworking), reserved parking spaces and
include in the collective agreement not deduct the salary of the first 20 days of sick leave.
8. Read the full article in Catalan, Spanish and English detailing the actions here.
In May 2012, the Galician Association of Biologists asks the government of the Autonomous
Community of Galicia to apply the precautionary principle to exposure to electromagnetic fields,
specifically to protect children: Information on health EMF risks, the ban of the use of mobile phones and
Wi-Fi devices in the schools and mobile phone antennas near the schools.
In May 2016, the Guipuzcoan Association of Pharmacists of (COFG) and the Guipuzcoan
Association of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Bizi Bide signed a collaboration agreement
of 284 pharmacies in Guipúzcoa to disseminate information and to raise awareness on Central
Sensitization Syndromes (Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity and
During 2016 and 2017 motions were approved at municipal or provincial level, in Catalonia and
Andalusia, against the installation of “Smart meters” (1 and 2): Sta. Perpetua de Mogada (June
2016), Diputació de Barcelona (June 2016), Barcelona (July 2016), Masnou (September 2016),
Hostalet de Pierola (September 2016), Sta. Coloma de Grallanet ( setember 2016), Vallirana
(September 2016), Sant Feliu de Guíxols (setember 2016), Celrà (October 2016), Hostalric
(October 2016), Sant Adríà de Besòs (October 2016), Cerdanyola del Vallès (October 2016),
Diputació de Girona (November 2016), Torrelles de Llobregat (November 2016), San Cugat del
Vallés (November 2016), Hospitalet de Llobregat (November 2016), Cornellà de Llobregat
(November 2016), La LLagosta (November 2016), Pallejà (November 2016), Polinyà (November
2016), Monistrol (December 2016), Rupià (December 2016), Balaguer (December 2016),
Cervellço (December 2016), Vendrell (December 2016), Esplugues de Llobregat (January 2017),
Molins de Rei (January 2017), Cunit (January 2017), Sant Cebrià de Vallata (January 2017),
Caldes de Malavella (January 2017), Prat de Llobregat (February 2017), Fuente Vaqueros
(Granada, February 2017), Sant Boi de Llobregat (February 2017), Sant Andreu de la Barca
(February 2017), Sant Quirze del Vallès (February 2017), Mollet del Vallés (March 2017), Abrera
(March de 2017), Diputación de Granada (March 2017)
Since 2011, several court judgments have been approved recognizing the disability to different
people affected by electrosensitivity.
In May 2011, a judgment of the Madrid Labour Court nº 19 to declare permanent incapacity
(100% of his base salary) of a worker Complutense University of Madrid who suffered from
chronic fatigue and environmental and electromagnetic hypersensitivity (the EHS is mentioned for
the first time in Spain as cause of disability).
Environmental Health Trust
In July 2016, a judgment Nº 588/2016 of the High Court of Madrid has recognized for the first time
a situation of total permanent disability for the exercise of the profession of a telecommunications
engineer as result of "electrosensitivity syndrome (EHS)". For the first time in Spain, the EHS
condition is considered as the main cause of disability involved. "This is the first we have achieved
total disability due exclusively to this syndrome," says attorney Jaume Cortés, the Col·lectiu Ronda.
Lavanguardia News Article: “A 'teleco' with electrosensitivity achieves the inability to work between wifis:
The TSJ of Madrid recognizes the right to a benefit denied by the INSS”
In February 2017, the Social Court, number 4, of Castellón has issued a ruling that recognizes,
for the first time, a permanent disability in the degree of great disability to a patient who suffers as
a clinical picture residual multiple chemical sensitivity and electrosensitivity.
During the last decades, Regional and municipal regulations were approved to reduce the legal
exposure in their territories. Unfortunately, now, the last General Telecommunications Law (2014)
eliminated the regional and municipal competences in that area.
Health Canada offers Practical Advice on reducing exposure to wireless radiation
1. Limit the length of cell phone calls
2. Replace cell phone calls with text, use "hands-free" devices
3. Encourage children under the age of 18 to limit their cell phone usage.
2015 Canadian Parliament Standing Committee on Health of the House of Commons Report: "Radio
Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation and the Health of Canadians"
Original Report
They made 12 recommendations including an awareness campaign on reducing exposures, improved
information collecting and policy measures regarding the marketing of radiation emitting devices to
children under the age of 14, "in order to ensure they are aware of the health risks and how they can be
2015 National Bill C-648
was Introduced into the House Of Commons
An Act Respecting the Prevention of Potential Health Risks From Radiofrequency Electromagnetic
Radiation” would require manufacturers of all wireless devices to place specific health warning labels
clearly on packaging, or face daily penalties /fines and/or imprisonment. Although the Bill did not pass,
made headlines.Press Conference for
Bill C-648 Video.
Canadians For Safe Technology Press Section Website
Canadian Pediatric Association issued a Position Statement Recommending no Screen-based Activities for
Children under Two
Original Position Statement: Healthy active living: Physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents
For healthy growth and development: screen time (eg, TV, computer, electronic games) is not
recommended for children under 2 years old. For children 2-4 years, screen time should be limited to <1
h/day; less is better.
Environmental Health Trust
European Parliament
2011 The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe - Resolution 1815:
Resolution 1815: The Potential Dangers of Electromagnetic Fields and Their Effect on the
A call to European governments to “take all reasonable measures” to reduce exposure to electromagnetic
fields “particularly the exposure to children and young people who seem to be most at risk from head
The Resolution calls for member states to:
Implement “information campaigns about the risk of biological effects on the environment and human
health, especially targeting children and young people of reproductive age. “
“Reconsider the scientific basis for the present standards on exposure to electromagnetic fields set by the
International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection, which have serious limitations, and apply
ALARA principles, covering both thermal effects and the athermic or biological effects of electromagnetic
emissions or radiation.”
“For children in general, and particularly in schools and classrooms, give preference to wired Internet
connections, and strictly regulate the use of mobile phones by schoolchildren on school premises.”
2009 European Parliament Resolution: Health concerns associated with electromagnetic fields
Original Resolution
Urges the Commission to review the scientific basis and adequacy of the EMF limits as laid down in
Recommendation 1999/519/EC and calls for the review to be undertaken by the Scientific Committee on
Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks
Calls for particular consideration of biological effects when assessing the potential health impact of
electromagnetic radiation, especially given that some studies have found the most harmful effects at lowest
Calls for active research to address potential health problems by developing solutions that negate or reduce
the pulsating and amplitude modulation of the frequencies used for transmission
The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency 2015 Fact Sheet: “How to Reduce exposure
from mobile phones and other wireless devices.”
Reduce the risk from WiFi devices by “keeping them at a distance, for example placing the wireless router
away from where people spend time”, and “reducing the amount of time you use them”.
ARPANSA recommends that parents encourage their children to limit their exposure stating that “It is
recommended that, due to the lack of sufficient data relating to children and their long term use of mobile
phones, parents encourage their children to limit their exposure by reducing call time, by making calls
where reception is good, by using hands-free devices or speaker options, or by texting.”
Queensland Department of Education, Training and Employment - 2015 “Guide to Safe Technology”
It’s not only physical hazards you need to consider when thinking about health and safety issues at work or
home — you should also think about how you use technology. When using a computer, you need to think
Environmental Health Trust
about: ergonomics and posture, radiation, vision impacts and harmful lack of exercise (DVT).
“Wireless devices — smart/mobile phones, tablets, slates, monitors etc — all emit low levels of
electromagnetic radiation and should be used correctly. When using electronic devices, the department
recommends you follow WiFi/3G/4G best practice:
Follow the manufacturer’s usage guideline operate from a table or bench — not on your lap
Use ‘hands-free’ devices to keep smart/mobile phones away from your head and body during phone calls
limit the number and length of calls
Position the device antenna away from your body
Do not sit within 0.5 m of a wireless router use smart/mobile phone in areas of good reception to reduce
Safe use of technology by WFi in Schools Australia - Video
New Zealand
2016 - Rotokawa School Takes Steps to Minimize RF Exposure: After concerns were raised about e-learning by
a small group of parents from the school, the principal has put some positive procedures in place as follows:
Children will use ipads in flight mode
Children using laptops and Chromebooks will work on the desk top
Parents may request that their child use an Ethernet cord to access the internet
Children are taught about the health precautions as part of their cyber citizenship
Digital learning in the one to one Year 5 & 6 environment is kept to less than 2 hours per school
The principal has also stated there are no plans to increase the existing Wi-Fi coverage at this stage.
2017: The Italian Court of Ivrea ruling recognizes causal link between cellphone use and brain tumor.
Italian court is the first in the world to recognize this causal link in an April 11, 2017 ruling which awarded
a Telecom employee, Roberto Romeo, lifetime damages of 500 euros a month after he developed a brain
tumor from fifteen years of cellphone use.
Original Ruling
Press Release
The Guardian News Article: Italian court rules mobile phone use caused brain tumour”
NY Daily News Article: “Italian Court Finds Link Between Cell Phone Use and Tumor”
Courthouse News Service Article: “Italian Court Finds Link Between Cell Phone Use and Tumor”
2016: Mayor of Borgofranco d'Ivrea ordered Wi-Fi to be turned off in schools. “Mayor Livio Tola told the
town's high school and elementary school to return to using cables to connect to the internet after reading that the
electromagnetic waves given off by wireless routers were especially harmful to young children.”
The Local News Article: “Italian town shuts down wifi over health fears.”
Torino News Article: “Ivrea, The Mayor Removes WiFi as it Could Be Dangerous”.
2015: State Parliament of South Tyrol voted to reconfirm the precautionary principle: The State Government
Environmental Health Trust
was mandated:
To replace existing wireless networks whenever possible with networks that emit less radiation at schools,
preschools, hospitals, nursing homes, and other public facilities.
Establish a working group whose mandate it is to assess these new technologies and their exposure levels.
With regard to wireless communication technologies, mobile Internet access, and public health, the
working group shall clarify which technologies emit less radiation and provide sustainable technology
options and
To start an education and awareness campaign that informs about possible health risks, especially regarding
the unborn, infants, children, and adolescents and that develops guidelines for a safer use of cell phones,
smartphones, and Wi-Fi.
Previous Hearing at the Parliament of South Tyrol, 29 April 2015 - “hearing on the effects of mobile radio”
Discussion at the Plenary Session: “Mobile Communications, Refugees”
Kompetenzinitiative News Article: “Parliament of South Tyrol Reconfirms Precautionary Principle”
Official Resolution - “WLAN, mobile radio, radiation exposure: does the precautionary principle apply”
2012 Italian Supreme Court Ruling: Man’s brain tumor was caused by his cell phone use.
The National Institute for Workmen’s Compensation must compensate a worker with head tumor due to
cell use.
Reuters News Article - “Italy court ruling links mobile phone use to tumor”
RT News Article - "Cancer cells: Italian court rules ‘mobile phones can cause brain tumors’"
Daily Mail News Article - Mobile phones CAN cause brain tumours, court rules in landmark case.
Lecce, Italy, "Istituto Comprensivo Alighieri- Diaz" School banned wifi: Their two resolutions decided:
To ban wifi in school and install a wired system for the use of internet and reject the request of the local
government (Municipality) to install an antenna on the school roof for the wireless signal providing for the
"Wireless city" program.
The resolution also asks the Municipality to install the antenna at a reasonable distance from school.
The Piemonte Region Council adopted a resolution to limit EMF exposure by limiting the use of wifi in
schools and be considerate to the problem of EHS people.
Original Resolution - “Adoption of the Precautionary Principle exposition Installations in Wireless
Environments in School”
The Italian Society for Preventive and Social Pediatrics has officially called to prohibit cell phones for
children under 10 years old.
Giuseppe Di Mauro, president of the Italian Society of social and preventive pediatrics [Società italiana di
pediatria preventiva e sociale (] “We do not know all the consequences associated with cell
phone use, but excessive use could can lead to concentration and memory loss, increase in aggressiveness
and sleep disturbances.” and he cites electromagnetic fields stating“The damage to health are increasingly
Il Tirreno Tuscany News Article - “Pediatricians: Phone Alarm for Kids”
2016 - Turin Mayor Chiara Appendino laid out plans “to cut back on Wi-Fi in state schools and government
buildings over concerns that radiation might damage people's health”.
The Local News Report "Turin could slash Wi-Fi over 'radiation' concerns"
Environmental Health Trust
2015 - Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) recommend reduced exposure to children
“Exposure can be reduced by simple means” webpage recommends:
Use a hands free device, don’t use phones reception is poor, the phone should be kept on a table or similar
location instead of in the user’s pocket.
“STUK recommends that unnecessary exposure to radiation from mobile phones be avoided. In particular,
children’s unnecessary exposure should be avoided as their life-long exposure will be longer than that of
those who begin using mobile phone as adults and as only scant research exists on health effects to
"Mobile phones are a major source of radio frequency radiation" webpage states:
“The level of exposure to radiation from a mobile phone held next to user’s ear can approach the exposure
limits. Ne
ver before have humans been exposed to equally strong sources of radiation in their living
Identifying any health impacts is highly important because practically everybody uses a
mobile phone today.”
2009 - Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) initially issued recommendations to reduce exposure
with more explicit cautionary language.
Information posted on the STUK website in 2009, now removed. - “Radiation and Nuclear Safety
Authority: Children's mobile phone use should be limited”
2009 Policy position paper by STUK detailing why “It would be good to restrict children’s use of mobile
phones.” - “Statement of Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) concerning mobile
phones and health on 7th January 2009”
2009 Yle Uutiset News article - Authority Recommends Restricting Childrens' Use of Mobiles”
Finland Schools
2012 Kivioja primary school in Ylivieska Finland bans phones and minimizes Wireless.
2017: Wi-fi OFF Switches Installed in the Fiskars primary school. Read press release.
2017: Ministry of Education banned personal use of cell phones for teaching and educational staff during
teaching hours. Read english translated memorandum. Read original Memo in Hebrew
2016: Ministry of Education banned cell phones during the school day.
Original Summary of the Directive
A computer or tablet are approved for Pedagogical activities and smartphones are not approved until
examination of the issue by the Ministry with published Instructions.
CH10 News Report - “NEW CEO memorandum - No use of cellphones for learning in class”
2016: The Mayor of Haifa calls for the removal of Wi-fi from all schools. Haifa Mayor Yona Yahav, said that
“When there is a doubt, when it comes to our children, there is no doubt”.
“The roots of the decision go back to a 2013 petition by parents in four schools who claim that such
networks are harmful. The case eventually made its way to the High Court, which has postponed a final
decision on the matter...The movement has spread from Haifa to other cities as well, and petitions have
been signed by parents in dozens of cities demanding the removal of the networks. Haifa is the first city to
take action on the matter.Haifa Mayor Yona Yahav said that the city would replace the wireless network
Environmental Health Trust
with a wired connection that will provide safer options to students.”
The school system has developed in house ability to ethernet connect computers in schools, however in
a few schools are choosing to continue to use wireless despite the ability to be fully hardwired but
access is limited.
Video of Lecture by Reuven Kurman, BSc, MBA, Chief Information Officer, Education
Department of Haifa, Israel“What Can be Done" - Reducing Exposure to Children in Schools and
at City Level
PDF of January 2017 IIAS Presentation
Haifa & Haifa News Report - "The - Wi-Fi in kindergartens and schools in Haifa severed.".
Hamodia News Report - “Haifa to Shut School Wireless Networks.”
2015 Israel National Activity Report details actions being taken to reduce ELF and RF EMF.
Cellular operators must inform consumers about radiation safety instructions.
According to a settlement agreement accepted by the Tel Aviv-Yafo District Court in February 2014,
cellular operators have to inform buyers of new mobile phone about the radiation safety instructions,
including the minimum distances from the head and the body. Hand-free kits must be provided with every
new mobile phone and each cellular operator has to provide information on the safe use of mobile phones
on its website.
The Ministry of Health - "Environmental Health in Israel 2014" details EMF Policy, Science and Need For
More Protections. Original Publication
“Precautions should be strictly enforced with regard to children, who are more sensitive to developing
cancer.” and that "wireless communication networks in schools be reduced." The Health Ministry
recommends “sensible use of cellular and wireless technology, including: considering alternatives like
landline telephones, use of a speaker while talking on a cellphone, and refraining from installing the base of
wireless phones in a bedroom, work room, or children’s room.” The Report states that “Findings in Israel
clearly indicated a link between cellphone use for more than 10 years and the development of tumors in the
salivary glands, particularly among people who held the telephone on the same side where the tumor
developed and individuals in the highest category of exposure (heavy use in rural areas).”
Linda S. Birnbaum, Director, USA National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and National
Toxicology Program wrote in the Israeli Report final chapter that, “ If some of the studies turn out to be
harbingers of things to come, we may have major health consequences from the nearly ubiquitous presence
of wireless equipment.”
2013 Ministry of Environmental Protection Publication on recommendations for ELF-EMF: The
recommendations of the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Health maximum permissible level of
exposure to ELF in places of prolonged chronic exposure such as schools and residences is 4 mG. This is signed by
Prof. Stelian Galberg and states that this protection should apply to those under 15 years old.
Israeli Ministry of Health Recommends Reducing Exposure to Cell Phone Radiation
“These expert committees determined that there are indeed gaps in the knowledge concerning the
implications of exposure to this radiation, and therefore they called for further studies on the subjects and
recommended to adopt the “precautionary principle". This principle adopts simple and relatively cheap
means to reduce exposure to the minimum radiation levels possible with existing technology.”
Environmental Health Trust
“In particular, it is recommended to follow precautionary rules in the children population who are typically
more sensitive to cancer development due to exposure to cancerous agents...the Ministry of Health advises
parents to reduce children’s exposure to mobile phones as much as possible, consider the age they start
using them, reduce the amount of time mobile phones are used, and in any event, make sure they use
earphones (not wireless) or a speaker when using the mobile phone.”
TNUDA - “Recommendations for prudents use of cellphones in Israel” Include:
Using the speakerphone/headset during conversation.
Keep the phone away from the body.
Reduce the amount and duration of calls made on a cell phone.
Areas of low reception equals higher radiation (low cell tower reception, elevator, car, train) Reduce call
time in these low reception areas.
While driving, it is best to talk as little as possible on the mobile phone, and follow the law which bans
handheld phones. Inside vehicles, it is advisable to install an antenna outside the vehicle and not inside it,
and to prefer wire connections between the phone and the speaker- rather than bluetooth.
2013 - Israeli Ministry Of Education has issued guidelines limiting WiFi radiation in schools.
Wireless networks banned in preschool and kindergartens.
1st. & 2nd. grade internet is limited to max. 3 hr. per week of internet.
3rd grade maximum 8 hours a week.
A hard wired direct cable connection is required if the teacher has a computer in the class.
Recommendations for reducing magnetic fields to below 4 mG for children under 15 in schools
representing the government's position that international guidelines are NOT protective of children.
Note: Despite the precautionary recommendations of the Health Ministry and the statements in Education Ministry
regulations for the preference of wired (not wireless) networks- the reality is that wireless is still being deployed in
schools. ICNIRP limits are presented as the limit for comparison at the same time that it is stated that non-thermal
effects and effects from long term exposure are possible. The actual practice
in Israel is different than the official
and this has prompted strong outcry from doctors, parents and citizens for the government to be accountable
to children’s health.
A 2016 News Report shows the complex picture whereby no agency is assuming responsibility for ensuring
protections. Although smartphones are banned as an educational classroom tool, the Education Ministry is
still promoting the use of digital tools that are used for Smartphones, such as Kahoot.
2002 Israel Consumer Protection Regulations (information on non-ionizing radiation from a mobile phone)
Compulsory cell phone labeling, radiation information provided to consumers. A mobile phone may not be
sold unless they comply with the following:
A clearly visible sticker on cell phone packaging that says, “"This mobile phone emits non-ionizing
radiation; details and information about the radiation levels of this mobile phone model and the maximum
permissible level of radiation are included in the attached leaflet."
The packaging must include an information leaflet in Hebrew, Arabic and Russian with SAR information.
The information must be clearly displayed to the public at points of sale of mobile phones, service
provision centers, websites of manufacturers, suppliers and service providers of mobile phones.
Israel Environment and Health Fund - “Non-Ionizing Radiation”
TNUDA - Compulsory Marking/Provision of Information on Non-Ionizing Radiation
Israel Ministry of Environmental Protection - “Radiation from Cellphones” Webpage
Environmental Health Trust
Notable Israeli News Stories/Videos
2016 TV Report on Israeli government on WiFi Health Concerns: For english subtitles click CC.
"Health Ministry: Limit Kids' Use of Cell Phones" - 2009 News article on cell phone guidelines in Israel
Notable History
“Stop Wi-Fi in schools, deputy health minister implores” - In 2012 Israel's deputy Minister of Health Rabi
Litzman stated that he supports a ban on Wi-Fi in schools. Currently the Health Minister is relying on
scientific recommendations of Dr. Sadetsky.
"2012 Israeli National Activity Report" - States that a joint ministerial committee of the Education &
Health & Environmental Protection Ministries gave advice to the Education Minister for ethernet
connections in schools- not wireless. The Environmental Protection Ministry asked to limit the use of cell
phones in buses and to prohibit the use of cell phones in elevators.
“The Israeli Supreme Court Ordered the Israeli Government to Investigate the Number of Children
Currently Suffering From EHS.” - In 2013 a court case moved through the the Israeli Supreme Court on
Wi-Fi radiation in classrooms. The 2015 Israeli Supreme court decision was that that the court sees no
reason to intervene with the (Israeli) Education Ministry deployments of wireless network at schools.
Israeli Government Links
Ministry of Environmental Protection Webpage on Non-ionizing Radiation, Interactive Map of Cell Tower
Israeli National Information Center for Non-Ionizing Radiation TNUDA
Ministry of Health Webpage on Cell Phone Radiation
The Switzerland Federal Office for the Environment Webpage Informs Public on EMF
“Mobile as an electrosmog source”
“How strong is mobile radiation?” - Webpage that contains a PDF of tips for mobile phone use from the
Federal Office of Public Health and which states “caution should be exercised primarily when using
devices held close to the body, such as laptops, PDAs and Internet telephones..” and gives
recommendations on how to reduce exposure including turning the Wi-Fi off when not in use, installing
the access point one metre away from places where you work, sit or rest for long periods of time and
keeping laptops off laps.
Publications on Electrosmog in the environment - Precautionary protection provided by the installation
limit values is limited to locations where people regularly spend lengthy periods of time. Here, long-term
exposure shall be kept as low as possible. Places of sensitive use include apart- ments, schools, hospitals,
offices and playgrounds, but do not include balconies and roof terraces, stairways, garages, storage and
archive rooms, temporary workplaces, churches, concert halls and theatres, camp sites, sports and
leisure-time facilities, passenger areas in railways, observation decks.
2015 Environmental Report - Chapter 17 on Electrosmog states “Effects can also be detected for weak
radiation intensity. For example, weak high-frequency radiation can alter electric brain activity and
influence brain metabolism and blood flow. Whether these effects have an impact on health is still unclear”
and recommends the precautionary principle to reduce risk “Because major gaps still exist in our
knowledge about the health impacts of long-term exposure to weak non-ionising radiation, the adopted
protective strategy should be pursued consistently.”
Environmental Health Trust
2012 Radiation of radio transmitters and Health - “In view of the fact that there are gaps in the available
data, the absence of proof of health risks does not automatically also mean proof of their absence. From
the scientific point of view, a cautious approach in dealing with non-ionising radiation is still called for.
There remains a need for extensive research into the potential long-term effects”
Swiss expert group on electromagnetic fields and non-ionising radiation (BERENIS)
In Switzerland, the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) is the responsible government body for
monitoring and assessing research on health effects of non-ionising radiation (NIR) from stationary sources
in the environment. The FOEN has nominated BERENIS - Swiss expert group on electromagnetic fields
and non-ionising radiation-
a consultative group of Swiss experts from various disciplines with scientific
expertise regarding electromagnetic fields. The BERENIS experts regularly screen the scientific literature,
and assess the publications which they consider relevant for the protection of humans from potentially
adverse effects. Regular BERENIS Newsletter and Scientific Updates
2008 - The Governing Council of Thurgau Canton Recommends Hard-Wired Schools
"Parliamentary Inquiry on Wireless LAN at Elementary, Junior and Secondary High Schools
“The Governing Council recommends for schools to forgo the use of wireless networks when the structural
makeup of a given school building allows for a wired network.“
2007 “Decision of the Bavarian Parliament - Protecting Children at School from Radiation Exposures Final
Swiss Physicians Association of Doctors for Environmental Protection
2012 Swiss Physicians Letter stating, "the risk of cancer for this type of [wireless] radiation is similar to
that of the insecticide DDT, rightfully banned... From the medical point of view, it is urgent to apply the
precautionary principle for mobile telephony, WiFi, power lines, etc.”
2014: Preliminary draft for a federal law on the protection against dangers: Non-ionizing radiation (NIS) is
growing steadily. Especially the everyday stress in the area of low-frequency and high-frequency.
2016: Press Release on the NTP Study and Policy Implications: “There are increasingly clear indications
that mobile radio is a health hazard. From a medical point of view it is clear: the scientific results so far
show it is clear that prudent avoidance of unnecessary exposures is necessary.”
Report on Smartphones- (OEKOSKOP 1/16)
AefU-News about Electrosmog
The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (FORP) Website provides precautionary advice and tips for
reducing radiation exposure to smartphones, tablets and wireless devices stating, “Since long term effects could not
be sufficiently examined up to now the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) recommends to keep exposures
to these fields as low as reasonably achievable.”
“Electromagnetic Fields” FORP Website
“There are uncertainties in the risk assessment that the German mobile communications research
programme has not been able to remove completely. These include in particular: possible health risks of
the long-term exposure of adults to high
electromagnetic fields when making mobile telephone
calls (intensive mobile use over more than 10 years) & the question of whether the use of mobile phones by
Environmental Health Trust
children could have an effect on health. For these reasons, the BfS continues to consider that precautionary
measures are necessary: exposure to electromagnetic fields should be as low as possible.”
“Smartphones and tablets – tips to reduce radiation exposure” Website - which recommends: “It is
particularly important to minimise children’s exposure to radiation. They are still developing and could
therefore react more sensitively in terms of health.”
“Bundesamt warns schools against WLAN networks” - The FORP recommends landline phone instead of
mobile phone base stations and that schools should not connect wirelessly to the internet.
FORP Public Education Poster ”Less radiation when Telephoning”
The German Federal Ministry for Radiation Protection: Read the German Parliament 2007 document which
states,”supplementary precautionary measures such as wired cable alternatives are to be preferred to the WLAN
Bavaria - The State Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs
2007 Decision of the Bavarian Parliament - Protecting Children at School from Radiation Exposures Final
“For precautionary reasons the Federal Office for Radiation Protection recommends for schools that if a
wireless network is used to place its components in suitable locations and to prefer the use of wired
network solutions whenever possible.” In 2007 Parliament recommendation to all schools to not
wireless LAN networks.
Frankfurt’s Schools Banish Wireless Networks
The Local Education Authority did not wish to conduct a “large scale human experiment,” said Michael
Damian, spokesperson of the Head of the School Department Jutta Ebeling. “In Frankfurt’s schools there
will be no wireless networks in the short or mid term.
Omega News Article - “WLAN is to be banished from the school sphere”
2013: Four German Federal Agencies issued a guidebook recommending reducing cell phones and Wi-Fi to
young children
"Parenting Guide: Environmental and Child Health” by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS),
the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), the Robert Koch Institute (RKI ) and the Federal
Environmental Agency (UBA). It contains practical information including reducing electromagnetic
radiation from baby monitors and telephones: Baby monitors should be as far as possible away from the
crib. Phones should be banished from the nursery. They are not suitable toys for infants and toddlers. Use
of cabled landline phones is preferable. Wi-Fi routers are are not suitable in children's bedrooms, and
should be switched off when not in use, especially at night.
Umwelt Bundesamt News Article - “Nothing for children's sorts: Thick air in school and home: Federal
authorities publish comprehensive advice on children's health”
Salzberg Public Health Department Advises Against Wi-Fi in Schools
Original Letter
Environmental Health Trust
“The official advice of the Public Health Department of the Salzburg Region is not to use WLAN and
DECT in Schools or Kindergartens.” - Gerd Oberfeld, MD.
The public health department of Salzburg (Landessanitätsdirektion) also recommends to evaluate mobile
phone base station exposures based on the EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016
Lists Electrosmog studies highlighting the EUROPAEM EMF guideline 2016 as representing the current
state of medical science that it is used by the Landessanitätsdirektion Salzburg for the health assessment of
The Vienna Medical Association issued cell phone safety guidelines
Guidelines state that cell phones should be used for as short of a time as possible and that children under 16
should not use cell phones at all. They also state that “wireless LAN leads to high microwave exposure”.
Ten Cell Phone Guidelines:
1. Make calls as short and little as possible - use a landline or write SMS. Children and teenagers under 16
years old should carry cell phones only for emergencies!
2. Distance is your friend- Keep the phone away from body during connection of Phone. Pay attention to the
manufacturer's safer distance recommendation in the manual, keep a distance during the call set-up from
the head and body. Take advantage of the built-in speakerphone or a headset!
3. When using headsets or integrated hands-free, do not position mobile phones directly on the body - special
caution applies here for pregnant women. For men, mobile phones are a risk to fertility if Mobile is stowed
in Trouser pockets. Persons with electronic implants (pacemakers, insulin pumps et cetera) must pay
attention to distance. Unless otherwise possible, use coat pocket, backpack or purse.
4. Not in vehicles (car, bus, train) calls - without an external antenna, the radiation in the vehicle is higher. In
addition, you will be distracted and you bother in public transport the other passengers!
5. During the car when driving should be an absolute ban on SMS and internetworking - the distraction leads
to self-endangerment and endangering other road users!
6. Make calls at home and at work via the fixed corded (not wireless) network - Internet access via LAN cable
(eg via ADSL, VDSL, fiber optic) no Radiation, is fast and secure data transfer. Constant radiation emitters
like DECT cordless telephones, WLAN access points, data sticks and LTE Home base stations (Box, Cube
etc.) should be avoided!
7. Go offline more often or use Airplane mode - Remember that for functions such as listening to music,
camera, alarm clock, calculator or offline games an internet connection is not always required!
8. Fewer apps means less radiation - Minimize the number of apps and disable the most unnecessary
background services on your smartphone. Disabling "Mobile services" / "data network mode" turns the
smartphone again into a cell phone. You can still be reached, but avoid a lot of unnecessary radiation by
background traffic!
9. Avoid Mobile phone calls in places with poor reception (basement, elevator etc) as it increases transmission
power. Use in poor reception Area a headset or the speakerphone!
10. For buyers of mobile phones, Look out for a very low SAR value and an external antenna connection!
Press Release - “EMF guideline propagates precautionary principle for electromagnetic fields”
Translated Poster with Tips
Austria’s Highest Health Council of the Ministry of Health Advices to Reduce Exposure to Cell Phone
Radiation: Brochure states that since the long term research is still not completed, it is advisable to take simple
precautions to reduce exposure.
Original Brochure
WHO Report on Austria’s EMF activities and research studies
Environmental Health Trust
Guideline of the Austrian Medical Association for the diagnosis and treatment of EMF related health
problems and illnesses (EMF syndrome)
Original Guidelines
The Austrian Medical Association has developed a guideline for differential diagnosis and treatment of
health problems associated with outdoor and indoor electrosmog.
2012 - The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology issued new EMF guidelines with new
Exposure Limits lowered to 1/10 of the ICNIRP level, and
SAR labeling on phones.
Official Guidelines
Precautionary Guidelines for mobile users: 1. Keep distance – Hold the cell phone away from body to the
extent possible. 2. Use a headset (wired or Bluetooth) to keep the handset away from your head. 3. Do not
press the phone handset against your head. Radio Frequency (RF) energy is inversely proportional to the
square of the distance from the source -- being very close increases energy absorption much more. 4. Limit
the length of mobile calls. 5. Use text as compared to voice wherever possible. 6. Put the cell phone on
speaker mode. 7. If the radio signal is weak, a mobile phone will increase its transmission power. Find a
strong signal and avoid movement – Use your phone where reception is good. 8. Metal & water are good
conductors of radio waves so avoid using a mobile phone while wearing metal-framed glasses or having
wet hair. 9. Let the call connect before putting the handset on your ear or start speaking and listening – A
mobile phone first makes the communication at higher power and then reduces power to an adequate level.
More power is radiated during call connecting time. 10. If you have a choice, use a landline (wired) phone,
not a mobile phone. 11. When your phone is ON, don't carry it in chest/breast or pants pocket. When a
mobile phone is ON, it automatically transmits at high power every one or two minutes to check (poll) the
network. 12. Reduce mobile phone use by children as a younger person will likely have a longer lifetime
exposure to radiation from cell phones. 13. People having active medical implants should preferably keep
the cell phone at least 15 cm away from the implant.
The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology EMF webpage.
2013: Supreme Court of India upheld the High Court of the State of Rajasthan decision to remove all cell
towers from the vicinity of schools, hospitals and playgrounds because of radiation “hazardous to life.”
Two hundred and four mobile towers installed on the school premises of Rajasthan have been removed in
Zilla Parishad orders removal of all cellphone towers near schools citing exposure to “harmful radiation”.
Economic Times News Article - Rajasthan HC orders relocation of mobile towers from schools, hospitals”
Hindustan Times News Article - “Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) bans mobile towers at
parks, playgrounds”
Indian Council of Medical Research Continues research on EMFs:
Environmental Health Trust
“Short Report on the Indian Studies” - Document prepared by Dr. Sharma, Sr. Deputy Director of the
Indian Council of Medical Research on Indian Research Studies.
Department of Telecom, Government of India
"Ensuring Safety from Radiations: Mobile Towers and Handsets" - Graphic including
precautionary guidelines for mobile phones
2011 Ministry of Environment and Forest Study on the Impact of Communication Towers
“Report on Possible Impacts of Communication Towers on Wildlife Including Birds and Bees”
The review of existing literature shows that the Electro Magnetic Radiations (EMRs) are interfering with
the biological systems in more ways than one. There had already been some warning bells sounded in the
case of bees and birds, which probably heralds the seriousness of this issue and indicates the vulnerability
of other species as well.”
Celebrity Advocates Raising Awareness
Juhi Chawla - who has won multiple awards for her work: Global Awards 2016, Indira Gandhi Memorial
Awards, Full Speech at Gandhi Awards, 2011 Lecture, Do's and don'ts for using cellphone safely by Juhi
Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection Issued Resolutions to Protect Individuals
from Wireless Radiation
Official Recommendations: The Russian Federation specifically advises that those under the age of 18
should not use a mobile phone at all, recommends low- emission phones; and requires the following:
on-device labelling notifying users that it is a source of RF-EMF, user guide information advising that ‘‘it
is a source of harmful RF-EMF exposure’’ and the inclusion of courses in schools regarding mobile phones
use and RF-EMF exposure issues. “Thus, for the first time in the human history, children using mobile
telecommunications along with the adult population are included into the health risk group due to the RF
EMF exposure….In children, the amount of so-called stem cells is larger than in adults and the stem cells
were shown to be the most sensitive to RF EMF exposure….It is reasonable to set limits on mobile
telecommunications use by children and adolescents, including ban on all types of advertisement of mobile
telecommunications for children.”
2008 Original Decision - "Children and Mobile Phones: The Health of the Following Generations is in
2012 - Video of Russian National Committee Meeting in which they repeatedly warn about electromagnetic
radiation impacts on children and recommended WiFi not be used in schools.
2010 - Video of Yuri Grigoriev, President of the Russian National Committee, giving a lecture
European Environment Agency
2013 - EEA Issues “Late Lessons From Early Warnings: Chapter 12: Mobile phone use and brain tumour risk:
Environmental Health Trust
early warnings, early actions?”
The chapter concludes that “ Precautionary actions now to reduce head exposures, as pointed out by the
EEA in 2007, and many others since, would limit the size and seriousness of any brain tumour risk that
may exist. Reducing exposures may also help to reduce the other possible harms...”
2011 - Precautions Recommended by David Gee, EEA Senior Advisor on Science, Policy and Emerging
Original document - Health risks from mobile phone radiation – why the experts disagree”
Gee stated in a press release that “We recommend using the precautionary principle to guide policy
decisions in cases like this. This means that although our understanding is incomplete, this should not
prevent policymakers from taking preventative action.
2009 - EEA Issues Recommendations Based on Current Evidence
Original Statement
“The evidence is now strong enough, using the precautionary principle, to justify the following steps: 1. For
governments, the mobile phone industry, and the public to take all reasonable measures to reduce exposures
to EMF, especially to radio frequencies from mobile phones, and particularly the exposures to children and
young adults who seem to be most at risk from head tumours.”
2007 - Professor Jacqueline McGlade, the EEA's executive director issued recommendations
McGlade stated that "Recent research and reviews on the long-term effects of radiations from mobile
telecommunications suggest that it would be prudent for health authorities to recommend actions to reduce
exposures, especially to vulnerable groups, such as children."
Independent News Article - EU watchdog calls for urgent action on Wi-Fi radiation”
Singapore’s National Environmental Agency Advises Specific Precautions.
Frequently asked Questions About Radiation Protection
NEA’s advice to the public on cell phone use on their webpage on radiation protection: “While further
research is being carried out to study the long-term health effects of RF field, individuals could take
precautionary measures to reduce RF exposure to themselves or their children by limiting the length of
calls, or using 'hands-free' devices to keep the mobile phones away from the head and body.”
United Kingdom
The UK National Health Service recommends reducing exposure since 2002.
2002 Steward Report commissioned by the UK Government - “Phones and Mobile Health - AUK
Perspective”. The report found that exposure to RF radiation below guidelines has not been “proven” to
cause adverse health effects but it is not possible to say “that exposure to RF radiation, even at levels below
national guidelines, is totally without potential adverse health effects” as “there is some scientific evidence
which suggests that there may be biological effects and gaps in knowledge justify a precautionary approach
to the use of mobile phone technologies until much more detailed and scientifically robust information on
Environmental Health Trust
any health effects becomes available.”
UK Department of Health - 2005 “Mobile Phones and Health” brochure which reads:“The expert group
has therefore recommended that in line with a precautionary approach, the widespread use of mobile
phones by children (under the age of 16) should be discouraged for non-essential calls. In the light of this
recommendation the UK Chief Medical Officers strongly advise that where children and young people do
use mobile phones, they should be encouraged to: • use mobile phones for essential purposes only • keep all
calls short - talking for long periods prolongs exposure and should be discouraged The UK CMOs
recommend that if parents want to avoid their children being subject to any possible risk that might be
identified in the future, the way to do so is to exercise their choice not to let their children use mobile
NHS 2009 slide presentation - “Radio Waves”
2015 Webpage "Risks of mobile phone use"’ with recommendations that state,“Children are thought to be
at higher risk of health implications from the use of mobile phones. This is because their skulls and cells
are still growing and tend to absorb radiation more easily. It is recommended that children use mobile
phones only if absolutely necessary.
National Health Service - 2011 “Mobile Phones and Base Stations” which reads, “Therefore, as a
precaution, the UK Chief Medical Officers advise that children and young people under 16 should be
encouraged to use mobile phones for essential purposes only, and to keep calls short. If you are concerned,
you can take steps to reduce your exposure such as using hands free kits or texting.
2011 NHS Brochure - “Mobile phones and base stations: Health advice on using mobile phones”, which
states: “The body and nervous system are still developing into the teenage years. Therefore, as a precaution,
the UK Chief Medical Officers advise that children and young people under 16 should be encouraged to
use mobile phones for essential purposes only, and to keep calls short.”
Prior to 2015, the NHS also had additional website sections on health effects, including “Mobiles and
mums-to-be” web page, which summarized the research showing cell phones had been linked to behavioral
issues in children. NHS also had a “Mobile effect on sleep” webpage which detailed research which
concluded RF “ is associated with adverse effects on sleep quality within certain sleep stages”. For the
public, the NHS had “recommendations to help lower any potential long-term risks” which included
keeping calls short, keeping the phone away from the body on standby mode, only use the phone when the
reception is strong and using a phone with an external antenna. These web pages were deleted from the
current site.
In 2011, the National Health Service offered specific recommendations to reduce cell phone radiation
exposure to children. Precautions are still recommended, however by 2015 this original advice was no
longer present on the site. The UK National Health service changed the public advice text. Everything
noted above
was reworded. Now
the website states:
2015 Mobile Phone Safety - Risks Webpage - “If there are any health risks from the use of mobile phones,
children might be more vulnerable because their bodies and nervous systems are still developing. Research
carried out to date hasn't supported a link between mobile phone use and childhood cancers such as
leukaemia. However, if you have any concerns, you can lower your child's exposure to radio waves by only
allowing them to use mobile phones for essential purposes and keeping calls short.”
The newly edited section called “Mobile phone safety - FAQs” states: “Do scientists know everything
about mobile phones and health?
No, and research is continuing. Mobile phones have only been widely
used for about 20 to 30 years, so it's not possible to be so certain about the safety of long-term use. More
research on the effects of mobile phones on children is also needed, as they're known to be more sensitive
than adults to many environmental agents, such as lead pollution and sunlight. Government advice is to be
on the safe side and limit mobile phone use by children.”
2015 Webpage "Risks of mobile phone use"’ contains recommendations that state,“Children are thought to
be at higher risk of health implications from the use of mobile phones. This is because their skulls and cells
Environmental Health Trust
are still growing and tend to absorb radiation more easily. It is recommended that children use mobile
phones only if absolutely necessary.
2016 Regulation No. 588 - “Control of Electromagnetic Fields at Work”
Original Legislation
The regulation requires employers to assess the levels of EMFs their employees may be exposed to, ensure
compliance, provide information on risks and take action if necessary.
You must ensure you take workers at particular risk, such as expectant mothers and workers with active or
passive implanted or body worn medical devices, into account when appropriate, devise and implement an
action plan to ensure compliance with the exposure limits.”
Safety and Health Practitioner News Article - Explained: CEFAW Regulations, which come into force
2017 Directive of the Minister of Culture and Education to Ban Wi-Fi from kindergartens, Remove Wi-Fi
from Elementary Classrooms and Halt Deployment.
Original Translated Directive from the Cyprus Minister of Culture and Education
Wireless is recommended only to be used if needed in the administrative areas of elementary schools, not
by the students. However, if the use of Wi-Fi is required, “ necessary measures to protect children should
be taken, and wireless access points should remain inactive when not in use for teaching purposes.”
Furthermore before installation of any wireless program involving teachers or students “the consent of
parents should be ensured in advance” the directive reads stating that the director of the school should send
a letter to the parents of children who will participate in programs involving wireless technology informing
them for the reason and duration of WiFi usage.
Read Press release on Cyprus Wi-Fi removal from elementary classrooms
Cyprus National Committee on Environment and Child Health
"Protecting children from radiation emitted by Wi-Fi, mobile phones and wireless" Webpage
EMF brochure on reducing the risks to children from exposure to the Non Ionizing Radiation (mobile
phones, Wi-Fi, tablets, etc.).
The Cyprus National Committee on Environment and Child Health is supported by the Nation of Cyprus
and “has as its basic aim the prevention of illnesses, which also are related with the exposure of children in
environmental dangers.” The activities of the National Committee are supported by the State of Cyprus.
The National Committee recommends, “Be Precautionary and reduce exposure to phones, Wi-Fi and other
wireless devices,” states the Cyprus National Committee on Environment and Child Health (ECH). Dr.
Stella Michaelidou, President of the ECH, states that society should respond by taking precautions because
“Documentation of other potential and more serious biological side effects are on the tip of an emerging
An In-Cyprus news article quoted Michaelidou as saying that “multiple and frequent exposure to this kind
of radiation, which falls below the acceptable levels of thermal effects, pose a health risk to a developing
embryo.” Children who use their mobile phone more frequently face a higher risk at having a weaker
memory, attention deficit disorder, and similar issues.
Environmental Health Trust
In-Cyprus News Article - “Mobile devices could harm kids”
Public Awareness Video
PSA Video on Children’s Health and Wi-Fi: Original Video in Greek & English
PSA Video on Pregnant Women and Wireless: Original Video in Greek & English
Youtube channel of the Committee
Scientific Presentations:
2015 Powerpoint Slide Presentation by the President of the Commission, Dr. Stella Kanna Michaelides on
EMFs (in Greek)
Dr Michalis Tornaritis on media use (in Greek)
Dr. Michaelidou of the National Committee gives presentation to Ioannina University: “Neurological and
behavioral effects οf Non Ionizing Radiation emitted from mobile devices on children: Steps to be taken
ASAP for the protection of children and future generation
Stella Canna-Michaelidou, PhD, President of the National Committee on Environment and
Children's Health of Cyprus, Multi-Media Public Health Tools to Promote Public and Health
Professional Understanding of Wireless Radiation
PDF of January 2017 IIAS Presentation
News Reports from Cyprus
April 2016 - Dr. Michaelidou, President of the Cyprus National Committee, gives presentation:
"Environment and Health of the Child", presenting on the issue of Electromagnetic radiation and its effects
on children's health.
Sigma TV News Report - “Children and Wi-fi”
President of the National Committee "Environment and Child Health" with Professor Loukas Margaritis
speaking in a news piece.
2015 In-Cyprus News Report: Mobile devices could harm kids
9/2015 News Report Cyprus Mail: ‘Technology harming our children’ MPs say
2016 Proposed National Law on Electromagnetic Pollution
The law proposes a regulatory framework to "radio infrastructure with radiant systems, antennas and all
installations capable of generating electromagnetic radiation" in order to "ensure the protection of public
health" considering "both thermal effects and biological. " In education and health facilities only wired
connections to data networks and Internet access may be used.
Electrosensibili News Article
2015 - Government Updated their Protection of Children and Youths Welfare and Rights Act to Ban Cell
Phones for Young Children.
Complete ban on children under the age of two from using electronic devices such as iPads, televisions and
Environmental Health Trust
Parents can be fined NT$50,000 (about $1600 US Dollars)
The new law also states that parents must ensure that under-18s only use electronic products for a
'reasonable' length of time.
Daily Mail News Article - “Taiwan makes it ILLEGAL for parents to let children under two use electronic
gadgets... and under-18s must limit use to 'reasonable' lengths”
Teen Safe News Article - “Fined For NOT Monitoring: Taiwan’s New Parenting Penalty
2011/2012 - Namibia's atomic energy review report states that current so called "safety" standards DO NOT
protect citizens from long term health effects.
Atomic Energy Annual Review
“ICNIRP guidelines do not guarantee adequate protection against the long term effects of exposure, such as
increased risk of cancer. “ - Republic of Namibia:Atomic Energy Board
The Ministry of Health has issued public information brochures that recommend limiting exposure
especially for pregnant women and children.
Ministry of Health Brochure Mobile Phones and Health Effects:
The Brochure starts by saying the research on cell phone radiation shows low levels of electromagnetic
frequencies “may cause cancer”. 13 Recommendations to Reduce Exposure which include:
women and children (under 16) are more vulnerable and they should use the phone only when necessary,
Prefer speaker or headset, Decrease time on phones, Use low SAR phone, Keep phone away from the body,
Keep phones out of baby and children’s bedroom,Turn phone off when you sleep or keep it one meter away
from bedside, using phones in cars increases your EMF exposure so it is not recommended.
Education on Safer Phone Use Project
The project is mentioned in the following document: “Annual Report from Turkey: National Activities on
Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields.”
Turkey has begun an educational project funded by Ministry of Internal Affairs, accomplished by
Temkoder (Prevention, Measurement of Electromagnetic Pollution and Training Organization), which has
resulted in secondary school student training in the safer usage of cellular phones.
Development of regulations prohibiting children’s cell phone use. In 2014, the Ministry of Health started
working on new regulations to prohibit cellphone usage for children under 14 year-old children.
2014 WHO Report - “Annual Report from Turkey: National Activities on Health Effects of
Electromagnetic Fields.”
However by 2016 the regulation was weakened and in 2016 Turkey stated that they are developing
regulations that only would pertain to children under 7 years old.
2016 WHO EMF Report - “Short Report Related to National Activities on Health Effects of
Electromagnetic Fields”
The Ministry of Communications and Maritime Affairs monitors Electromagnetic fields around the schools
and homes.
Ministry Website
Environmental Health Trust
The EMF in schools is monitored and the public can get measurements on EMF levels from cell towers and
schools at a national site.
Greek law mandates lower RF exposures near schools, nurseries and hospitals
The exposure limits in Greece are at 70% of the official European limits. In areas less than 300 m from
schools, hospitals and nurseries the exposure limit is lower at 60% of the official European limits. Cell
antennae are prohibited from being on top of schools and nurseries.
2012 - The Greek government website materials recommend reducing cell phone radiation to children under
16 and they inform citizens of non-ionizing radiation power levels in their community.
The National Observatory of Electromagnetic Fields - Interactive web portal linked to a network of 500
fixed measurement stations throughout Greece that continuously monitor the EMF levels from all kinds of
antenna stations in the frequency range 100 kHz – 7 GHz.
ELF and EMF Site Measurements can be looked up for various locations at EEAE.
The Greek government funds research as detailed on the WHO EMF report.
The Q and A on RF radiation states the following text about children:
Even though it hasn’t been proven conclusively that children are more sensitive/reactive
than adults to exposure to radiation, nevertheless, the direct/pointed recommendation of
international organizations is that children be discouraged from [literally translated,
not to trust
] using cell phones. The above statement is supported by the following:
Up to about the age of 16, the nervous system of the human body is in the process of
development. Consequently, it’s totally possible (although not conclusively proven by
relevant scientific research) that up until this age, human being are more sensitive to any
number of factors/elements/determinants.
Younger people have more years ahead of them than older persons during which the
long –term effects of mobile phones can be manifested.
Environmental factors/elements have a greater general impact on the health of
children than on the health of adults.”
2012 “Antennae Law” prohibiting cell antennae/towers in “sensitive areas”
International Bar Association Legal Practice Division Newsletter: “New communications antennae law in
‘Regulates the installation of antennas used for the emission and transmission of telecommunications
services’ This law limits the power of antennas, reduces urban impact of towers through ‘infrastructure
sharing’ opens up a process for citizen participation in the approval or denial process, establishes mitigation
measures in areas that are saturated with antennas and prohibits towers near “sensitive areas” institutions
serving children, the elderly and medically compromised.
Sensitive areas are those areas that demand special protection due to the presence of educational
Environmental Health Trust
institutions, nurseries, kindergartens, hospitals, clinics, nursing homes or other institutions of similar nature.
Chile’s Minister of Transportation and Telecommunications Pedro Pablo Errazuriz stated, "…in addition to
protecting the urban landscape and the goodwill of the neighborhoods, the new law takes care of the most
important: the health of people in a precautionary manner as recommended by the World Health
Organization, setting strict limits on the powers of the antennas. Chile is setting standards in this regard.”
Press release
RCRWireless News Article - “Chilean telecom companies need to comply with new antenna law
Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government Gives Advice to Reduce Exposure
The department has a webpage on Electromagnetic fields which directs people to the advice of the Chief Medical
Advice of the Chief Medical Officer of Ireland.
“Advice from the Chief Medical Officer on mobile phone use: We may not truly understand the health
affects of mobile phones for many years. However, research does show that using mobile phones affects
brain activity. There is general consensus that children are more vulnerable to radiation from mobile phones
than adults. Therefore the sensible thing to do is to adopt a precautionary approach rather than wait to have
the risks confirmed.In the light of these findings, the Chief Medical Officer of the Department of Health
and Children strongly advises that children and young people who do use mobile phones, should be
encouraged to use mobile phones for “essential purposes only” All calls should be kept short as talking for
long periods prolongs exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.All mobile phone users can reduce
their exposure to radiofrequency energy by making fewer calls, reducing the length of calls, sending text
messages instead of calling, using cell phones only when landline phones are unavailable, using a wired
“hands free” device so that the phone need not be held against the head and refraining from keeping an
active phone clipped to the belt or in the pocket”.
Irish Doctors Environmental Association Recommends Wired Connections
2013 Letter
The Irish Doctors Environmental Association wrote a statement in 2013 concerning health concerns with
Wi-Fi in school: “We urge you to use wired technologies for your own safety and that of your pupils and
Denmark Board of Health Provides Recommendations to Reduce Exposure
Denmark Board of Health Recommendations on Reducing Cell Phone Radiation
“As a precautionary measure, the Board of Health recommends a series of simple steps you should follow
to reduce exposure from mobile phones:
Use the headset or handsfree with earbud, conversation, or use the speakerphone feature
When possible, use text instead of call
Limit the duration of calls
Did not sleep with the phone close to the head
Environmental Health Trust
Limit conversations during low reception and while in transport.
Do not cover the phone with aluminum foil, special covers, etc.
Compare phones' SAR value. Lower SAR require less exposure
Denmark Schools that have removed or reduced wireless exposure; Bjedstrup elementary School og Børnehus,
(school and kindergarten) Student must hand over cell phones before classes + no wifi in school premises; Hammer
Free Private School - all internet connections are hard wired; Vejlernes private school - no wifi; Kastanjely
kindergarten - no wifi
2014 - Director General of Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC), Mr Idy Mkilaha publicly
endorses precaution.
"Mr Mkilaha says that when weighing up this convenient tool with the questionable health impact
control, caution and measures must be taken to reduce one's exposure from radio frequency (RF)
emissions from the cell phone to prevent health hazards."
“According to TAEC, we should use hands-free devices or wireless headset to increase the distance
between the phone and our heads. This is the best approach because it creates distance between us and
the radiating phone… We should also keep phone away from us when dialling. Phones use more
radiation during connection time, says TAEC.”
News Reports
AllAfrica News Article: “Tanzania: We Should Manage Our Cell Phones Properly Otherwise…
AllAfrica News Article: Tanzania: Need to Protect Oneself When Using Cell Phone
Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology Newsletter Details how to reduce cell phone exposure
Original Newsletter (pg. 11)
After complaints were raised by residents about health effects the Commission co-authored a published
paper that reviews national RF level profiles of the radiation emitted from base stations.
Review on Measured and Calculated Radio Frequency Radiation Emission From The Base Stations
The paper states: “In 2016,
Director General of Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC), Mr Idy
Mkilaha died under investigated circumstances
and at this time EHT is unable to find the Reports or
official warnings as mentioned in the news reports on the current
Atomic Commission
Recommendations Of The Consumers Protection Association Of Romania On Cell Phones And Wireless
Recommendations to reduce exposure
The Association for Consumer Protection in Romania launched a national campaign of information and
awareness of consumers entitled “SOS electromagnetic pollution.”
“Do not allow children younger than 12 years how to use a cell phone, except for emergencies. Developing
bodies are more susceptible to negative influences from exposure to electromagnetic fields”.
Environmental Health Trust
United States
Legislation has been introduced at the state and national level. Some Communities have issued proclamations,
resolutions and and started initiatives to inform the public of wireless health issues.
May 12, 2015 Berkeley Adopted the Cell Phone "Right to Know" Ordinance on a Unanimous Vote. Berkeley
is the first city in the nation to require cell phone retailers to provide those who purchase a new phone an
informational fact sheet which informs buyers to read the user manual to learn the cell phone’s minimum separation
distance from the body. The text states:
"The City of Berkeley requires that you be provided the following notice: To assure safety, the
Federal Government requires that cell phones meet radio frequency (RF) exposure guidelines. If
you carry or use your phone in a pants or shirt pocket or tucked into a bra when the phone is ON
and connected to a wireless network, you may exceed the federal guidelines for exposure to RF
radiation. Refer to the instructions in your phone or user manual for information about how to use
your phone safely."
"Right to Know" Ordinance Dr. Moskowitz blog on the Ordinance
Berkeley’s Right To Know Ordinance: Environmental Health Trust’s Page on the Ordinance
Video of the historic vote featuring Harvard Law professor Lawrence Lessig.
Video of testimony to Berkeley from November 8, 2011 on the need for cell phone guidelines.
Video of the September 2016 Federal Appeals Court Hearing oral arguments CTIA vs. Berkeley as the
CTIA tries to strike down the Ordinance. -- This the hearing considering whether to overturn the district
court’s decision that denied the CTIA’s request for an injunction to block Berkeley’s cellphone ordinance.
March 2017 video of CBC’s coverage of the Berkeley Ordinance with an investigation finding cell phones
tested against the body violate current safety standards.
2014 - Wireless Router Labeling in all Suffolk, NY Public buildings: Legislation requires all county buildings
to post notices that wireless routers are in use such as, "Notice: Wireless technology in use." The resolution,
sponsored by Legis. William Spencer (a physician), warns that every wireless device emits radio frequency
radiation or microwave radiation. It notes that studies "that have looked at the effects of low-level RFR radiation on
human cells and DNA have been inconclusive."
“Press Release: Suffolk County Passes Legislation to Warn Visitors of Wireless Radiation Exposure”
Newsday News Article - “Wireless routers to get warning signs at Suffolk county buildings”
2011 - A Passed Ordinance by the City of San Francisco required cell phone retailers to distribute an
educational sheet: Educational sheet created by the San Francisco Department of Environment that explains
radiofrequency emissions from cell phones and details how consumers can minimize their exposure. However
implementation was blocked after a three year court battle. The CTIA sued the city and settled with the City to
block implementation of the Ordinance in exchange for a waiver of attorney's' fees.
Although implementation was halted, the City Cell Phone Radiation Webpage remains online.
Open Letter to San Francisco Mayor and Board of Supervisors
Press Release: “San Francisco’s Cell Phone Fact Sheet is Factual
Video from testimony to the City of San Francisco
Video of San Francisco Supervisor discussing the Ordinance here.
Press conference with survivors speaking on cellphone health risks at the San Francisco Commonwealth
Environmental Health Trust
Club. Cellphone cancer victims tell their personal stories and those of their lost loved ones.
San Francisco developed the following public health information resources:
City Webpage - “Cellphones”
Answers on How to reduce exposures to cell phone radiation.
A Poster on Cell Phones and RF Radiation
A Factsheet for the Public
Display stickers for Cell Phone packaging.
2017 - Maryland State Children’s Environmental Health And Protection Advisory Council
Recommendations For Wired Internet In Schools and Minimizing RF Classrooms:
The Maryland State Children’s Environmental Health and Protection Advisory Council (CEHPAC) issued
a Report advising the Department of Education to recommend local school districts reduce classroom
wireless radiation exposures by providing wired—rather than wireless—internet connections.
The Children's Environmental Health and Protection Advisory Council recommendations:
“The Maryland State Department of Education should recommend that local school systems consider using
wired devices“ “WiFi can be turned off” and instead “a wired local area network (LAN) can provide a
reliable and secure form of networking...without any microwave electromagnetic field exposure.”
“New school construction and renovations to include wired cabled connections: “If a new classroom is to
be built, or electrical work is to be carried out in an existing classroom, network cables can be added at the
same time, providing wired (not wireless) network access with minimal extra cost and time.”
“The Maryland State Department of Education should recommend that local school systems use strategies
to minimize exposures: “Have children place devices on desks to serve as barrier between the device and
children’s bodies; Locate laptops in the classroom in a way that keeps pupil heads as far away from the
laptop screens (where the antennas are) as practicable; Consider using screens designed to reduce eyestrain;
Consider using a switch to shut down the router when it is not in use.”
“The Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene should provide suggestions to the public on
ways to reduce exposure: Sit away from WiFi routers, especially when people are using it to access the
internet. Turn off the wireless on your laptop when you are not using it. Turn off WiFi on smartphones and
tablets when not surfing the web. Switch tablets to airplane mode to play games or watch videos stored on
the device.”
“The General Assembly should consider funding education and research on electromagnetic radiation and
health as schools add WiFi to classrooms.”
The Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene should “ask the United States Department of
Health and Human Services to formally petition the FCC to revisit the exposure limit to ensure it is
protective of children’s health and that it relies on current science.”
“The Report should be shared with the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Federal
Communications Commission, Maryland State Department of Education and Maryland General
CEHPAC’s health experts include Governor appointed pediatricians, Maryland State House/Senate
appointees and representatives of the Department of Education and Department of Health.
Wifi Radiation in Schools in Maryland Final Report
Letters from Physicians CEHPAC’s Public Comments
Testimony to the Maryland State Children’s Environmental Health and Protection Advisory
Baltimore Sun article by Devra Davis on the Report Recommendations
Baltimore Sun response by Dr. Cindy Russell
Environmental Health Trust
2017 - Montgomery County Maryland Chromebook Policy states that laptops should stay on tables and not
on laps.
Montgomery County Maryland ChromeBook Guidelines for students.
2016 - Petaluma Public Schools, California USA: Public school district adopts “Digital Device Practices”
Digital Device Best Practices PDF
Parents raised the issue of wireless health risks with the district for years and this new policy was put in
place in 2016. However- as this policy still does not protect the students health, parents continue to
advocate for a safe school environment and signed a petition which can be found at
The Petaluma 2016 iPad Best Practices state: “Keep it on the Desk: The best place for your iPad to sit
during use is on a desk, table or other flat surface.”
Videos of Parent Testimony to District
Child Testimony
Doctors Letters to District
2016 - Onteora School District in New York State Adopts “Best Practices with Wi-Fi
April 20, 2016 Meeting Minutes Page 2.
“Turn off the device when not in use and at the end of each day. If device is to stay on, turn Wi-Fi off
when not in use. Always place device on a solid surface. Viewing distance should be a minimum of 12
inches from the screen. Staff was asked by the Principals to post this in areas that contain computers and
devices. They are reminding staff to follow it.”
2015 - Ashland Public Schools, Massachusetts Institutes “Best Practices”
Ashland was the first US school District to institute "Best Practices" to turn the Wi-Fi off when not in use
and keep devices away from the body
Download powerpoint slides used for teacher/staff training.
Video of parent who initiated this, Video of school board member discussing the process.
Magazine article on Ashland’s Decision Here, Newspaper Coverage
TV Program of parent advocate CeCe Doucette and Keith Marciniak discussing the policy changes.
Los Angeles, California Public Schools Recommends Cautionary Exposure Levels
RADIOFREQUENCY (RF) EVALUATION REPORT Use of Wireless Devices in Educational Settings
The LA School District Uses a RF-EMF Exposure Threshold 10,000 Less Than the FCC Limits:
2009 adopted resolution - LA School board wrote a resolution banning cell towers from schools and
recommending against WiFi.
2009 Resolution Condemning Cell towers NEAR Schools
as was this T-Mobile Cell Tower across the street
from an elementary school.
Motion by Supervisors Zev Yaroslavsky and Michael Antonovich
2000 LA School Board Resolution Opposing Cell Tower Placement on Schools -- Calls for precautions
with wireless. 'Whereas, Recent studies suggest there is evidence that radio-frequency radiation may
produce “health effects” at “very low field” intensities'
Environmental Health Trust
Note: Digital Device “Best Practices
that still allow Wi-Fi access points in classrooms still allow
exposures to the children and such practices are not adequately protective to children. These District actions seem
to be acknowledgment that wireless device expose the body to radiation
. However, such “Best Practices” still allow
access points to be powered on and thus are always exposing the students and staff to continuous microwave
radiation regardless of the devices being in use or not. In addition, devices are also continuously transmitting during
student use of the internet and no procedure is in place to ensure that Best Practices are followed so that the
transmissions are turned off when the internet is not needed. Therefore these “Best Practices” do not
mitigate the
risk nor protect students from School District created wireless exposures.
2017 - California Department of Public Health releases Cell Phone and Health Document.
California Department of Health Cell Phone and Health Document
The California document recommends people keep the phone away from the brain and body especially for
children stating, “EMFs can pass deeper into a child’s brain than an adult’s. Also, the brain is still
developing through the teen years, which may make children and teens more sensitive to EMF exposures.”
Dr. Moskowitz webpage detailing the release and court case.
San Francisco Chronicle News Article - Long-overdue release of information about cell phone risks
San Francisco Examiner News Article - “California Health Officials release report on cell phone radiation”
NBC Bay Area News Article - “Cell Phone Cancer Debate Heats up With Document Release
2016 - American Academy of Pediatrics Issues Recommendations to Reduce Exposure
Healthy Children Webpage on Cell Phones
The webpage reiterated children’s unique vulnerability to cell phone radiation stating, “Another problem is
that the cell phone radiation test used by the FCC is based on the devices' possible effect on large
adults—not children. Children's skulls are thinner and can absorb more radiation.”
The AAP issued the following cell phone safety tips specifically to reduce exposure to wireless radiation:
Use text messaging when possible, and use cell phones in speaker mode or with the use of hands-free kits.
When talking on the cell phone, try holding it an inch or more away from your head.
Make only short or essential calls on cell phones.
Avoid carrying your phone against the body like in a pocket, sock, or bra. Cell phone manufacturers can't
guarantee that the amount of radiation you're absorbing will be at a safe level.
Do not talk on the phone or text while driving. This increases the risk of automobile crashes.
Exercise caution when using a phone or texting while walking or performing other activities. “Distracted
walking” injuries are also on the rise.
If you plan to watch a movie on your device, download it first, then switch to airplane mode while you
watch in order to avoid unnecessary radiation exposure.
Keep an eye on your signal strength (i.e. how many bars you have). The weaker your cell signal, the harder
your phone has to work and the more radiation it gives off. It's better to wait until you have a stronger
signal before using your device.
Avoid making calls in cars, elevators, trains, and buses. The cell phone works harder to get a signal through
metal, so the power level increases.
Remember that cell phones are not toys or teething items.
Press Release: The AAP responds to study showing link between cell phone radiation, tumors in rats May
27, 2016
Environmental Health Trust
2015 - AAP Healthy Child Web Page on Electromagnetic Fields: A Hazard to Your Health?
This webpage states: “Cell Phones: In recent years, concern has increased about exposure to radio
frequency electromagnetic radiation emitted from cell phones and phone station antennae. An Egyptian
study confirmed concerns that living nearby mobile phone base stations increased the risk for developing:
Headaches, Memory problems, Dizziness, Depression, Sleep problems.”
Short-term exposure to these fields in experimental studies have not always shown negative effects, but
this does not rule out cumulative damage from these fields, so larger studies over longer periods are needed
to help understand who is at risk. In large studies, an association has been observed between symptoms and
exposure to these fields in the everyday environment.”
2013 AAP Letter to FCC
2013 Letter to Commissioner Mignon Clyburn and FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg calling for a
review of RF guidelines
2012 AAP Letter to US Representative Dennis Kucinich in Support of the Cell Phone Right to Know Act
Original Letter
Time Magazine News Article - “Pediatricians Say Cell Phone Radiation Standards Need Another Look
2012 - AAP published Pediatric Environmental Health, Textbook of Children's Environmental Health
Chapter 41: Electromagnetic Fields
Oxford Medicine Chapter 41
2001 AAP News Article - More study needed on risk of brain tumors from cell phone use
2014 - The California Medical Association Passed a Wireless Resolution
Full CMA Resolution
“Whereas scientists are increasingly identifying EMF from wireless devices as a new form of
environmental pollution … Whereas peer reviewed research has demonstrated adverse biological effects of
wireless EMF including single and double stranded DNA breaks, creation of reactive oxygen species,
immune dysfunction, cognitive processing effects, stress protein synthesis in the brain, altered brain
development, sleep and memory disturbances, ADHD, abnormal behavior, sperm dysfunction, and brain
tumors; and...Resolved, That CMA support efforts to implement new safety exposure limits for wireless
devices to levels that do not cause human or environmental harm based on scientific research.”
Santa Clara Medical Bulletin article that explains the CMA resolution and gives recommendations for
2014 - The Connecticut Department of Public Health issued specific recommendations to reduce exposure to
cellphone radiation.
Connecticut Department of Public Health Cell Phone Q and A about Cell phones
It is notable that the Department has provided information more in depth than the CDC, EPA and FDA in
detailing 7 steps on how
people can reduce exposure. Furthermore, the Department states “It is wise to
reduce your exposure to radiofrequency energy from cell phones whenever possible.”
2014 - Greenbelt, Maryland City Council voted unanimously for the following policy actions:
Original letter to the FCC
Alert citizens about the fine print warnings and possible health risks of cell phones and wireless devices By
sharing the Environmental Health Trusts 10 Steps to Safe Tech and Doctors Advice on Cell Phones
Environmental Health Trust
Brochure in City health fairs and city centers.
Send the FCC Chairman a letter urging the adoption of “radiation standards that will protect human health
and safety.”
Oppose cell towers on school grounds and write a letter to the local school board and County Executive.
Press Release - “Maryland City Votes Unanimously to Alert Citizens to the Health Risks of Cell
Phone/Wireless Radiation and to Oppose Cell Towers on School Grounds”
2011 - San Francisco, California; Cell Phone Radiation (How to Reduce Exposures) Webpages launched
Webpage - “Cellphones”
San Francisco developed the following public health information resources:
Answers on How to reduce exposures to cell phone radiation.
A Poster on Cell Phones and RF Radiation
A Factsheet for the Public
Display stickers for Cell Phone packaging.
2012 - Jackson Hole, Wyoming issued a Proclamation of Cell Phone Awareness
Original Proclamation
The proclamation cites concern over long term health effects as well as the increased risk that the radiation
poses to children.
2012 - Pembroke Pines, Florida passed Resolution
Resolution 3362
Resolution expresses the City's "Urgent Concerns" about Wireless Radiation and Health and which
encourages citizens to read their manuals and presents information on how to reduce exposure by using a
headset or speakerphone. Jimmy Gonzalez, an attorney who had developed brain cancer after heavy cell
use, initially petitioned the Commission.
Video of Jimmy Gonzalez’s powerful testimony
2010- California: Burlingame California City Council voted to include cell phone safety guidelines in their
Healthy Living in Burlingame initiative which gives recommendations on how to reduce exposure and states:
“The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) mandates that all cell phone manuals caution users to
hold the phone a short distance (.6 inch to 1 inch) from the body. (See your manual’s fine print.)
While scientists continue to research and debate this matter, here are some simple things you can do to
minimize your exposure to cell phone emissions” Red the Original Guidelines
2010 - Maine, Portland Mayor Mavodenes, Jr. declared October “Cell Phone Awareness Month”
2009 - Governor of Colorado issued a Proclamation on Electrical Hypersensitivity.
Original Proclamation
"Electromagnetic Sensitivity is a painful chronic illness of hypersensitive reactions to electromagnetic
WHEREAS, the symptoms of EMS include, dermal changes, acute numbness and tingling, dermatitis,
flashing, headaches, arrhythmia, muscular weakness, tinnitus, malaise, gastric problems, nausea, visual
disturbances, severe neurological, respiratory, speech problems, and numerous other physiological
Environmental Health Trust
WHEREAS, Electromagnetic Sensitivity is recognized by the Americans with Disabilities Act, the US
Access Board and numerous commissions;"
2009 - Governor of Connecticut issued a Proclamation on Electrical Hypersensitivity.
Original Proclamation
"WHEREAS, the health of the general population is at risk from electromagnetic exposures that can lead to
illness indicted by electromagnetic radiations; and, WHEREAS, this illness may be preventable through the
reduction or avoidance of electromagnetic radiations, in both outdoor and indoor environments and by
conducting further scientific research..."
2009 - Broward County, Florida; The Mayor issued a Proclamation on Electrical Hypersensitivity.
Original Proclamation
"WHEREAS, as a result of global electromagnetic pollution, people of all ages in Broward County and
throughout the world have developed an illness known as Electromagnetic Sensitivity..."
US Proposed Legislation
2012 The Cell Phone Right to Know Act H.R. 6358
The Act was introduced receiving strong support from many organizations including the American
Academy of Pediatrics.This legislation called for labels on mobile devices at point of sale, a comprehensive
national research program to study whether exposure to wireless devices causes adverse biological effects
directed by NIEHS and the EPA and exposure level regulation.
Congressional hearings in 2009 provided expert testimony to Congress.
Library of Congress Summary: Written by the Congressional Research Service
Cell Phone Right to Know Act - Requires the Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health
Sciences and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to:
1. conduct or support a comprehensive research program to determine whether exposure to electromagnetic
fields from mobile communication devices causes adverse biological effects in humans, including
vulnerable subpopulations such as children, pregnant women, those with compromised immune systems
and hypersensitivity reactions, men and women of reproductive age, and the elderly;
2. disseminate research results to the general public; and
3. report findings and conclusions to Congress.
Directs the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to promulgate regulations to allow a subscriber to
access personally or to give consent to allow researchers with institutional review board approval to access
specific usage data required to investigate the link between electromagnetic radiation exposure and
potential adverse biological effects in humans.
Directs the EPA to promulgate regulations establishing maximum exposure level goals and maximum
exposure levels for exposure to electromagnetic fields generated by mobile communication devices.
Directs the Commissioner of Food and Drugs (FDA) to promulgate regulations to provide for labeling
(including exposure ratings and the maximum allowable exposure levels and goals) on mobile
communication devices, packaging, instruction manuals, and at points of sale in stores and on websites.
Requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to increase: (1) the number and size of grants
to institutions for training scientists in the field of examining the relationship between electromagnetic
Environmental Health Trust
fields and human health; and (2) the number of career development awards for such training for health
professionals pursuing careers in pediatric basic and clinical research, including pediatric pharmacological
Amends the Public Health Service Act to establish a graduate educational loan repayment program and
authorize national awards for researchers in such fields.
Amends the Communications Act of 1934 with respect to the prohibition on state or local government
zoning regulation of personal wireless service facilities on the basis of the environmental effects of
radiofrequency emissions.
Excludes from such prohibition state or local regulation based on the adverse human health effects of
emissions of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
2017 Legislation about to be introduced.
2015 Oregon HB 3350: This proposed legislation directs the Department of Education to prepare statement
that discloses potential health risks of wireless technology and requires public and private schools to
distribute statement to employees and parents of students. It declares an emergency effective July 1, 2015.
2015 Oregon HB 3351: This proposed legislation states that cell phones must have a visible written label
that advises consumers of possible risks and steps that consumers can take to reduce the risk of
radiofrequency radiation exposure from cellular telephone use. Read it here.
2017: Three Massachusetts Senators and one Representative introduced bills to examine wireless radiation
and protect the public. Click here for details.
S.1268 Resolve creating a special commission to examine the health impacts of electromagnetic
fields (Senator Karen E. Spilka).
S.1864 An Act relative to utilities, smart meters, and ratepayers’ rights (gives people the no-fee
choice of keeping their non-radiation-emitting water, gas and electrical meters instead of "smart"
utility meters; Senator Michael O. Moore).
S.107 An Act relative to disclosure of radiofrequency notifications (requires warning labels on
radiation-emitting products; Senator Julian Cyr).
S.108 An Act relative to the safe use of hand-held devices by children (requires specific language
on packaging as modeled by an ordinance unanimously passed in Berkeley, California; Senator
Julian Cyr).
H.2030 An Act relative to best management practices for wireless in schools and public institutions
of higher education (asks the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
to set wi-fi standards for all schools; Representative Carolyn Dykema).
2016 Proposed Bill MA 1222 An Act creating a special commission to study the health impacts of
electromagnetic fields
2015 Bill H2007: An Act relative to a special commission to study electric and magnetic fields. Bills Still in
Process as of August,2015.
Watch a view of the statehouse briefing on RF here.
2015 - Nassau County Proposed a Wireless Router Labeling Act
The act would place visible warning signs in all county buildings and facilities where a wireless router is
Media coverage of the initiative
Environmental Health Trust
2014 - The Maine LD 1013 "The Wireless Information Act"
The act passed the State Senate and House but then failed to pass the second vote. he Bill requires
manufacturer's information on radio-frequency exposure be visible on the outside of the cell phone's
product packaging.
Please a video of State Representative Andrea Boland on how the legislation was thwarted.
News Article - Cell Phone Radiation Label Bill Passes Maine Legislature Before Dying
Maine's 2015 "Cellular Telephone Labeling Act"
2011 - San Francisco Cell Phone Right to Know Ordinance
Ordinance requires cell phone retailers to distribute an educational sheet created by the San Francisco
Department of Environment that explains radiofrequency emissions from cell phones and how consumers
can minimize their exposure. The CTIA sued the city and settled with the City to block implementation of
the Ordinance in exchange for a waiver of attorney's' fees.
The City Cell Phone Radiation Webpage.
2014 - Hawaii Senate Bill SB 2571
Senate bill was introduced calling for a warning label encouraging consumers to follow the enclosed
product safety guidelines to reduce exposure to radiation that may be hazardous to their health.
2011 - California Legislation SB 932
This 2011 legislation would have required retailers to include notices on product packaging that cell phones
emit radio frequency (RF) energy. A second notice would be posted at the point of sale when purchasing
online or in a physical store.
2011 - New Mexico Proposed Law HM 32
This 2011 proposed law request the Department of Health and the Department of Environment to study and
review all available literature and reports on the effects of cell phone radiation on human health.
2011 - Pennsylvania Proposed Law HB 1408
This 2011 proposed law would require warning labels on cell phones “to inform all citizens about possible
health dangers that have been linked to microwave radiation that is emitted by cellular telephones and the
steps that can be taken to mitigate those dangers, especially as they relate to children and pregnant women.”
Dr. Ronald B. Herberman, former director of the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) and the
UPMC Cancer Center offered testimony at a PA House Democratic Policy Committee hearing.
CBS Local coverage of hearing
Philadelphia Tribune News coverage
2011- Oregon Proposed Law SB 679 Oregon
This 2011 proposed law would require warning labels for all new cell phones and cell phone packaging.
News video about the law
1999 - Proposed Law H.R. 2835
In 1999 Congressman Bernie Sanders sponsored H.R. 2835 (106th): To require an assessment of research
on effects of radio frequency emissions on human health.
Environmental Health Trust
Schools Worldwide Removing the WiFi and Reducing Exposure
2017: San Diego California USA Waldorf School: Adopted CHPS guidelines wired internet/electronic free
zones/and hardwired phones per article published in Renewal Magazine.
2017: Sacramento California USA Waldorf School: WiFi will be turned off when not in use starting in Fall
2017: Wi-fi OFF Switches Installed in the Fiskars primary school. Read press release.
2017: Cyprus Bans Wi-Fi from kindergartens, removes Wi-Fi from elementary classrooms and halts
deployment. Original Translated Directive from the Cyprus Minister of Culture and Education ; Read Press release
on Cyprus Wi-Fi removal from elementary classrooms
2016: Haifa, Israel: Haifa Mayor Yona Yahav (of Israel’s 3rd largest city) ordered all schools to have wireless
removed and replaced with wired connections. Watch Haifa School IT Chief describe how they removed/reduced
Read Krayot news article: Haifa Cuts off Wi-Fi in Schools
Hamodia article: Haifa to Shut School Wireless Networks
Reshet TV Report
News Report Israel CH2 Documentary - "How do we kill our self - Radiation" with unofficial
English translation
News Report “Parents Fight Wireless Radiation in Schools” on Supreme Court Case in Israel
2016 Lowell School, Washington DC
In the kindergarten wing in 2016, the Wi-Fi hotspots were removed and the teachers are given ethernet and
adapters so that computers and class technology can be ethernet connected (corded) to reduce RF-EMF
2016 Italy: Turin Mayor Chiara Appendino laid out plans “to cut back on Wi-Fi in state schools and government
buildings over concerns that radiation might damage people's health”.
News Report Turin could slash Wi-Fi over 'radiation' concerns
2016: Onteora School District in New York State USA
April 20, 2016 Meeting Minutes Page 2.
District adopts “Best Practices with Wi-Fi stating:
“Turn off the device when not in use and at the end of each day. If device is to stay on, turn Wi-Fi off
when not in use. Always place device on a solid surface.Viewing distance should be a minimum of 12
inches from the screen.Staff was asked by the Principals to post this in areas that contain computers and
devices. They are reminding staff to follow it.”
2016 Italy: Mayor of Borgofranco d'Ivrea (Italy) orders Wi-Fi to be turned off in schools.
“Mayor Livio Tola told the town's high school and elementary school to return to using cables to connect to
the internet after reading that the electromagnetic waves given off by wireless routers were especially
harmful to young children.”
The Local Newspaper article - “Italian town shuts down wifi over health fears”
Torino News Article - “Ivrea, The Mayor Removes WiFi as it Could Be Dangerous”.
2016: Rotokawa School New Zealand, implemented steps to minimize RF Exposure
Environmental Health Trust
Children use ipads in flight mode on desk and parents may request that their child use an Ethernet cord.
Children are taught about the health precautions as part of their cyber citizenship.
Denmark Schools that have removed or reduced wireless exposure
Bjedstrup elementary School og Børnehus, (school and kindergarten) Student must hand over cell phones
before classes + no wifi in school premises
Hammer Free Private School - all internet connections are hard wired
Vejlernes private school - no wifi
Kastanjely kindergarten - no wifi
2016: Istituto Comprensivo Alighieri- Diaz in Lecce Italy Banned Wifi
Official resolutions number 1 and Resolution 2
Their two resolutions decided: a) to ban wifi in school and install a wired system for the use of internet and
b) Reject the request of the local government (Municipality) to install an antenna on the school roof for the
wireless signal providing for the "Wireless city" program. The resolution also asks the Municipality to
install the antenna at a reasonable distance from school.
2016: The Piemonte Region has adopted a resolution to limit EMF exposure
Original Resolution
Resolution limits the use of wifi in schools and is considerate to the problem of EHS people.
2015: Ashland Public Schools, Mass (USA)
Ashland is the first school district to vote to enact “Best Practices” in classrooms and publicly post these
instructions which include turning off Wi-Fi when not in use and keeping devices in a table, not a lap
News article on these "Best Practices" to turn the WiFi off when not in use,
Download teacher training PPT slides . Video of parent who initiated this
Video of school board member discussing the process
Magazine article on Ashland’s Decision
2016: Shearwater The Mullumbimby Steiner School, Australia, 100% Wi-Fi Free School
2016: Yallingup Steiner School Australia , WiFi Free Classrooms
2016: Linuwel School , Australia ,WiFi in some classrooms, Can accommodate children with EHS.
2016: Cairns Hinterland Steiner School , Australia, WiFi Free Classrooms (may be available in other areas)
2016: Wild Cherry School, Australia , 100% Wi-Fi Free
2015: St. Cajetanus School, Belgium: Wired Internet installed and wireless removed.
2015: Washington Waldorf School, Maryland, USA: Removed Wi-Fi Routers from Buildings, Ethernet installed.
2015: Freshwater Creek School, Australia, 100% Wi-Fi Free
2015: Lorien Novalis School, Australia, 100% Wi-Fi Free School Preschool to 12th grade.
2015: Cairns Hinterland School, Australia, WiFi Free Classrooms for EHS
2014: Acorn Hill School, Maryland: Reducing exposure to Wi-Fi. In process.
2014: Friends Community School: Wi-Fi turned off in wing for lower elementary school students. WiFi routers
moved OUT of classrooms into hallways for older grades to reduce EMF exposure. Ethernet wires made available
in classrooms for families who want children on corded (not wireless) computers.
2014: DearCroft Montessori: Hardwired internet to younger grades, limited Wi-Fi Router exposure to older grades.
2014: Portland Waldorf School, Portland Oregon,USA, WiFi removed.
2014: Meeting House Montessori, Braintree Massachusetts, USA, WiFi replaced with ethernet.
2014: Ghent, Belgium, Wi-fi banned from pre-schools and day care.
Environmental Health Trust
2014: UPPER Sturt Primary School, Australia. Read article. Read “No WIFI” LOW EMF School Policy.
2014: The St. Augustine School in Italy turned off Wifi and goes back to Wires.
2013 Winlaw Elementary School, B.C. Canada turned off WiFi.
2013 Te Horo Primary School New Zealand Replaced WIFI with cable-based internet.
2013 Kootenay Lakes District School Board BC (One school without Wi-Fi)
2013 Blaise-Cendrars High School, Switzerland. Teachers vote to remove WiFi.
2012 Kivioja primary school in Ylivieska Finland bans phones and minimizes Wireless.
2012: Halton Waldorf, in Burlington Vermont: Remaining free of Wireless Radiation
2011 City of Lakes Waldorf School, WiFi taken out. Minneapolis, Minnesota USA
2011 Aurora School in Ontario removed Wifi and replaced with hardwired.
2011 North Cariboo Christian School in Quesnel, B.C., removed Wi-fi .
2011 Pretty River Academy in Ontario no WiFi.
2011 Wayside Academy, Peterborough, Ontario no Wi Fi.
2010 Surrey, BC Roots and Wings Montessori removed Wi-Fi.
2010 Ontario St. Vincent Euphrasia elementary school: Parents voted to turn off Wi-Fi.
2009 HEROUVILLE-SAINT-CLAIR wi-fi networks removed.
Cell Phone Bans in Schools
This list covers bans of cell phones that occurred after the schools found cell phones in classrooms to be distracting
and problematic. It is not necessarily because of the radiofrequency and health issues. This is not a complete list but
rather a list as stories make the news starting in 2017. Hyperlinks goto news source
Victoria Middle School: Canada
Teacher Unions and Parent Teacher Organizations
2016: New Jersey Education Association (NJEA) published the article “Minimize health risks from electronic
devices” in the September 2016 NJEA Review. Adrienne Markowitz and Eileen Senn detail how to reduce physical
health risks from devices including risks from radiation exposure:
“Keep devices away from the body and bedroom.
Carry phones in briefcases, etc., not on the body.
Put devices on desks, not laps.
Hard wire all devices that connect to the internet.
Hard wire all fixed devices such as printers, projectors and boards.
Use hard-wired phones instead of cell or cordless phones.
Text rather than call.
Keep conversations short or talk in person.
Put devices in airplane mode, which suspends EMF transmission by the device, thereby disabling
Bluetooth, GPS, phone calls, and WiFi.
Use speaker phone or ear buds instead of holding the phone next your head.
Take off Bluetooth devices when not using them.”
Read the online NJEA article “Minimize health risks from electronic devices
PDF of NJEA article Recommendations
2016: Phoenicia Elementary School Onteora School District, New York State
The PTA wrote a letter to the Onteora School District calling for the Wi-Fi to be turned off as a precautionary
Environmental Health Trust
Watch a video of the School Board Meetings where letter is read here
Watch videos of parents and students calling for Wi-Fi removal here.
Read News Report: Some Onteora parents fear Wi-Fi signals in schools are harming their children.
2016: Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation
The Federation has issued a new call for a moratorium on WIFI and in the Limestone School District and they have
taken the issue to the school trustees in that District. “The Teacher Union’s president says there is a growing
mountain of evidence that WIFI can pose health risks.” Andrea Loken/OSSTF District President stated in a 3/2016
news interview that, “There are thousands of published peer reviewed papers that are indicating adverse health
effects from WIFI and we are seeing an increased awareness around this issue worldwide.”
Watch the video of the news piece with Union members here .
Read the National Post article here
Radio Canada International article here.
2016: Elementary Teachers Federation of Ontario
A 3/2016 News Report states that they are calling for a “WIFI moratorium until further health studies are done, and
lawmakers can catch up with new regulations.”
Watch the video of the news piece with Union members here
Read the National Post article here
Radio Canada International article here.
2014 United Federation of Teachers (Teachers, nurses and professionals working in New York City).
In 2014 their Wireless Radiation Webpage stated “Wireless radiation is emitted by the myriad of wireless devices
we encounter every day. It was once thought to be relatively harmless. However, we now know that wireless
radiation can cause non-thermal biological effects as well, including damage to cells and DNA, even at low levels.
Curiously in March of 2016, this statement was removed and replaced with new text mimicking FCC verbiage.
However the site still posts
how to reduce exposure.
Resources posted on their site still include Dr. Moskowitz’ Reducing Your Exposure to Wireless Radiation
and the BabySafe Project brochure What You Need to Know About Wireless Radiation and Your Baby.
“Taking certain precautions around wireless radiation is appropriate for our most vulnerable populations,
including pregnant women.”
2014 New York State Teachers Union NYSUT: A federation of more than 1,200 local unions.
"We have enough evidence to justify taking action and we are not willing to wait until our members, their children
and the students suffer health consequences from not doing anything,"
-Paul Pecorale, Vice President of the New
York State United Teachers Union.
Read the Press Release on Best Practices For Schools prepared for NYSUT
Download the Guidelines for Safer Use of Wireless Technology in Classrooms Published for NYSUT
NYSUT hosted a Webinar: Risks of wireless technologies and protecting children and staff in schools.
2014 National Education Association
Section C-19 of the NEA 2013-2014 Resolutions
“The National Education Association believes that all educational facilities must have healthy indoor air
quality, be smoke-free, be safe from environmental and chemical hazards, and be safe from hazardous
electromagnetic fields.”
“Students and/or their parents/guardians, education employees, and the public should be notified of actual
and potential hazards.”
Environmental Health Trust
“School districts should conduct periodic testing for harmful water and airborne particles/agents
that are
detrimental to the health of students and education employees and shall report the results publicly.”
“The Association also believes in the development and enforcement of health and safety standards
specifically for children.”
2013 Canadian Teacher Federation’s Brief (200,000 elementary and secondary school teachers)
“CTF is concerned about the lack of definitive research regarding the adverse health effects of Wi-Fi.
“We propose a prudent approach to the use of Wi-Fi, especially where children are present.”
“We recommend an education program regarding the relative safety of Wi-Fi exposure and that appropriate
resources be developed to educate the public regarding ways to avoid potential exposure risks of Wi-Fi
access points and devices.”
“Pedagogical needs could be met in schools with an approach that limits exposure to Wi-Fi.”
Read the Briefing The Use of Wi-Fi in Schools - Briefing Document
2015: Canadian Teacher's Magazine published CTF Sounds the Alarm on Wi-Fi
2013 United Teachers of Los Angeles, representing 40,000 teachers and staff
Resolution passed: “I move that UTLA will abide by current National NEA Policy for Environmentally Safe
Schools which states that all employees and stakeholders should be informed when there are changes in their exposure
to environmental hazards including electromagnetic radiation and that all stakeholders and the public should be
notified of any actual and potential hazards. UTLA will advocate for technological solutions that maintain technology
upgrades while not increasing employees exposure to electromagnetic radiation."
Health and Human Services Committee 3-6-13 #1: Moved by Kevin Mottus, seconded by John Cabrera.
UTLA Newsletter editorial by social worker Kevin Mottus.
2013 Elementary Teacher's Federation of Ontario Issued a position statement
"There is cause for concern for members' health and safety, especially women," said Sandra Wash, a teacher
representing the Peel district when the Federation issued a 2014 position statement supporting an Expert Panel
recommendation that Health Canada provide the public with more information about radiofrequency energy, and
the safe use of wireless technology.
ETFO voted to:
Turn cell phones off in classrooms
Label the location Of Wi-Fi access points.
Research Radio Frequency radiation.
Develop a hazard control program related to wireless microwave radiation through JHSC.
2012 The Ontario English Catholic Teachers Association (45,000 Ontario teachers)
Read the Position Statement here.
The Teacher Association recommends a wired infrastructure as WIFI “may present a potential Health and
Safety risk or hazard in the workplace...The safety of this technology has not thoroughly been researched
and therefore the precautionary principle and prudent avoidance of exposure should be practiced.”
Controls for WiFi would best be guided by the ALARA principle (As Low As Reasonably Achievable), as
well as by applying the concept of prudent avoidance (of non-ionizing radiation).”
Read CBC News article
2013 BC Teachers Federation adopted Wireless Resolutions and Proposed Resolutions
Wireless Resolutions and Proposed Resolutions
Environmental Health Trust
“The BCTF supports members who are suffering from Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity by ensuring their
medical needs are accommodated in the workplace.”
Proposed Resolutions “the World Health Organization's classification of radiofrequency/electromagnetic
fields emitted by wireless devices as a 2B possible cancer risk to humans; that the BCTF ensures all
teachers have the right to work in a safe environment, including the right to work in a Wi-Fi/ wireless-free
Recommendation to the Ministry of Education that school boards “begin immediate installation of on/off
switches for Wi-Fi routers in schools, thereby reducing microwave radiation exposure and reducing health
risks to members, and/or provide safer Ethernet cables or fibre optics”.
Daily News Coverage:Merritt teachers demand protection from wi-fi radiation 'Evidence is piling up that
wi-fi radiation may in fact be harmful'
Vancouver Sun News Report
2013 The BC Confederation of Parent Advisory Councils (BCCPAC) of 821 Advisory Councils representing
over 500,000 parents in British Columbia passed two resolutions.
Resolution: On/Off switches for WiFi Routers and Protocol for the Use of Wireless Devices
Resolution 17 "calls on each Board of Education to have one public school at each education level that is
free of Wi-Fi, cordless phones and cell phones. This school will only be equipped with wired computers
and wired telephones for personal, educational and administrative purposes."
Resolution 18 calls on Boards of Education to "cease to install Wi-Fi and other wireless networks in
schools where other networking technology is feasible." passed with a clear majority.
2010 UK VOICE ;The Union for Education Professionals- 20,000 members
Read the Position Statement
"Voice has advocated that new Wi-Fi systems should not be installed in schools, that existing systems
should be turned off when not required and that schools should consider whether they really need to use
Wi-Fi, which was developed to facilitate Internet access on the move rather than to be used as a convenient
alternative to cables in dedicated IT facilities.”
" In the light of what has happened to one of our members [who has developed sensitivity to
electro-magnetic radiation]
, I am concerned that so many wireless networks are being installed in school
and colleges without any real understanding of the possible long-term consequences.”- Voice General
Secretary Philip Parkin
Voice Blog post.
Los Angeles California Public Schools
The LA School District Uses a RF-EMF Exposure Threshold 10,000 Less Than the FCC Limits: The
OEHS supported a precautionary threshold level that is 10,000 times lower than the current Federal
Communications Commission standard. Read the RF Report the LA School District Used to recommend a
cautionary exposure level. RADIOFREQUENCY (RF) EVALUATION REPORT Use of Wireless Devices
in Educational Settings
2009 LA School Board Resolution Banning Cell Towers from schools and recommending against WiFi.
"The Board supports responsible deployment of fiberoptic broadband technology which is superior to
wireless in speed, reliability, security, durability and protections it affords people and the environment from
the potential hazards of exposure to radio frequency radiation."
Adopted Resolution
Environmental Health Trust
2009 December Resolution Condemning Cell towers NEAR Schools
as was this T-Mobile Cell Tower
across the street from an elementary school.
Original Resolution
As long as questions exist as to the adequacy of these federal regulations, local governments should have
the ability to include consideration of health and environmental effects of these facilities
.” (referring to cell
Read the motion by Supervisors Zev Yaroslavsky and Michael Antonovich
2000 LA School Board Resolution Opposing Cell Tower Placement on Schools
Original Resolution
Resolution calls for precautions with wireless. 'Whereas, Recent studies suggest there is evidence that
radio-frequency radiation may produce “health effects” at “very low field” intensities'
2010 Greater Victoria Teachers' Association
"The GVTA recommends a precautionary approach to the School District with regard to provision of wireless
internet in schools. The precautionary approach comes from the environmental movement and has been adopted as
common practice in areas regarding potential environmental, ecological or biodiversity damage. It suggests that the
lack of significant evidence is not enough of a reason to be unconcerned. The fact that many other countries have
instituted regulations to protect children, seniors, pregnant women and other susceptible populations should be the
guide for a District policy on WiFi installation and use in the worksites."
The GVTA Wireless in Schools Webpage states now that:
Wi-Fi free zones should be available.
On/Off routers recommended and record any adverse Wi-Fi health effects.
Minimal or non-use within elementary schools.
2008 Lucerne Elementary Secondary Arrow Lakes District SD 10 New Denver BC, Canada Opts for “No WIFI
2001 Fletcher Hills PTA Resolution submitted to the California State PTA
“RESOLVED, that the California PTA supports local municipal zoning setback rules of at 1000 feet or
more from an operating wireless transmitter and a school or residential area; and be it further
RESOLVED that the California PTA supports encouraging schools to use cable lines for all
communications services on campus and to avoid the endorsement, purchase or use of wireless local area
network systems on campus; and be it further
RESOLVED that the California PTA recommend that teachers and students should limit use of cellular
phones or other mobile devices on school property to emergencies and that cellular phones, pagers and
other mobile phones be turned off and placed out of sight while the individual is on school property”
Resolution on Wireless Equipment/Cellular Phones and Antennas Read it here.
Vienna Resolution 1998
Helsinki Appeal 2005
Parish Kirchner Appeal 2005
Potenza Picena Resolution 2011
World Health Organization 2011
Environmental Health Trust
Salzburg Resolution 2000
Stewart Report, UK 2000
Declaration of Alcalá 2002
Catania Resolution 2002
Freiburger Appeal 2002
Bamberger Appeal 2004
Maintaler Appeal 2004
International Association of
Fire Fighters Resolution on
Cell Towers 2004
Coburger Appeal 2005
Oberammergauer Appeal
Haibacher Appeal 2005
Pfarrkirchener Appeal 2005
Freienbacher Appeal 2005
Lichtenfelser Appeal 2005
Hofer Appeal 2005
Saarlander Appeal 2005
Stockacher Appeal 2005
Vancouver School Resolution 2005
Benevento Resolution 2006
Allgäuer Appeal 2006
WiMax Appeal 2006
Schlüchterner appeal
Brussels Appeal 2007
Venice Resolution 2008
French Doctor Appeal 2008
Porto Alegre Resolution 2009
European Parliament
EMF Resolution 2009
Dutch Appeal 2009
Int’l Appeal of Würzburg 2010
Copenhagen Resolution 2010
Seletun Consensus Statement 2010
Russian National Committee on
Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection
Austrian Medical Association
Resolution on Electromagnetic
Health 2012
British Doctor Initiative 2013
BabySafe Project: Joint
Statement on Pregnancy and
Wireless Radiation 2014
Canadian Doctors Declaration to
Health Canada 2014
Scientific Declaration to Health
Canada (International Doctors)
International Scientists Appeal to
U.N. to Protect Humans and
Wildlife from Electromagnetic
Fields and Wireless Technology
2015 Over 200 Scientists
Reykjavik Iceland Appeal on
Wireless in School, 2017
Firefighter Unions Opposing Cell Towers
"The IAFF opposes the use of fire stations as base stations for towers and/or antennas for the conduction of
cell phone transmissions until a study with the highest scientific merit and integrity on health effects of
exposure to low-intensity RF/MW radiation is conducted and it is proven that such sitings are not
hazardous to the health of our members."
The IAFF Official Position Against
Cell Towers on Fire stations passed in 2004
This Position was initiated after increasing complaints among firefighters with cellular antennas on their
stations coupled with the California study showing neurological damage in California firefighters
conducted by Dr. Gunnar Heuser. Read the Press Release on the Resolution and Research Study here
L.A. County Firefighters Local 1014
Local 1014 has a webpage dedicated to stopping towers because of a plan to install them on over 200 of
their stations.
“As firefighters and paramedics, we live in these firehouses. What effect will these towers have on us?
What are the risks to our neighbors? It’s a no-brainer that LA County should at least have done a proper
study before before putting 200-foot high-power microwave antennas on top of our heads."
- Dave Gillotte, Active Duty Fire Captain
President, LA County Firefighters Local 1014
Watch him testify on this issue here.
The Firefighter’s Website in 2015
Environmental Health Trust
United Firefighters of Los Angeles City Local 112 IAFF-CIO-CLC Opposes Cell Towers on Their Stations.
“ It is inexcusable that once again our firefighters in the field were the last to know about a massive 150
million dollar project that could jeopardize their health and safety. ... nobody talked to us and we have not
heard from one single expert who has told us that this project will be safe.”
“UFLAC will strongly oppose the use of Fire Stations as base locations for cell towers and/or antennas “
DownLoad the letter from this LA Firefighters Union Local 112 asking for an immediate halt to cell
towers on fire stations.
Watch videos the these Firefighter Union Presidents testifying to the LA Board of Supervisors on the
Issue here.
See list of Medical Doctor Consensus Statements at this link
List of Notable Statements
Harvard Campus Services: Cell Phone Towers and Radiofrequency (RF) Radiation Safety:
Environmental Health Trust